Highways in Belarus

Currently, the length of the public road network in Belarus is 94.797 km, of which 815 km are highways and 15.476 km are republican roads. All roads in Belarus are paved.

Toll roads

A fee is charged for the passage of foreign motor vehicles on the roads of Belarus. The amount of the fee depends on the vehicle category and the distance traveled.

The entrances to toll road sections are marked with a  toll road  sign. And the end of the toll sections is the ”  end of the toll road  “.

The fine for violating traffic rules on toll roads in Belarus for light vehicles (maximum permissible weight up to 3.5 tons) is between 50 and 100 euros.

An electronic payment system has been in place since August 1, 2013for tolls on motorways. Several more toll sections have been added since the electronic system was introduced.

From December 1, 2019, the toll will be levied on the following road sections:

Toll road sections in Belarus
Road sectionsStart (km)End (km)
M1  Brest (Kozlovichi) – Minsk – Russian border (Redki)0609
M2  Minsk – Minsk National Airportfifteen42
M3  Minsk – Vitebsknine41
M4  Minsk – MogilevSixteen192
M5  Minsk – Gomel21st296
M6  Minsk – Grodno – Polish border (Bruzgi)12th287
M7  Minsk – Ashmyany – Lithuanian border (Kamenny Log)57148
Р1  Minsk – Dzerzhinskeight35
Р21  Vitebsk – border of the Russian Federation (Liozno)nine53
R23  Minsk – Slutsk1099
R28  Minsk – Molodechno – Naroch12th32
P99  Baranovichi – GrodnoSixteen149
Border of Poland (Berestavitsa) – border07th

The total length of the toll sections is 1.805 km.

Vehicles that are registered in the territory of the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) with a technically permissible total weight of no more than 3.5 tonnes are exempt from the toll.

Belarus toll road map

Travel tariffs

Depending on the total mass of the vehicle and the number of axles, the following fares have been set for the journey:

Tariffs for travel on the streets of Belarus
 vehicleFee (EUR / km)
 Passenger cars with a total weight of up to 3.5 tons included0.040
 Trucks / buses with a gross weight of over 3.5 tons and 2 axles0.090
 Trucks / buses with a gross weight of over 3.5 tons and 3 axles0.115
 Trucks / buses with a gross weight of over 3.5 tons and 4 axles0.145

The approximate toll from Brest to the Russian Federation border on the  M1 motorway  for a passenger car is now € 24.39. This is roughly two times more than before the introduction of the BelToll electronic payment system.

Payment options

From December 15, 2020, drivers of vehicles with a technically permissible total weight of no more than 3.5 tons can pay for the use of toll roads in the Republic of Belarus with an electronic vignette.

When purchasing, the vehicle data (license number and registration country of the vehicle) as well as information on the selected validity period are sent to the BelToll system, which automatically monitors compliance with the payment when the vehicle is driving on toll roads.

An electronic vignette can be purchased online at  ev.beltoll.by 

The following prices apply to the electronic vignette:

Tariffs for electronic vignettes in Belarus
TS15 days30 days1 year  *
 14 €22 €€ 75

* Valid from January 1st to December 31st of the corresponding year as well as during the last 15 calendar days of the previous year and the first 15 calendar days of the following year.

When entering the license plate number, you must use alphabetic and numeric characters WITHOUT SPACE, for example:  FRT545HY  .

Amounts paid for an electronic vignette, even if the vehicle information provided at the time of purchase is incorrect, will not be refunded.

Road tolls with a registered electronic OBU for vehicles weighing less than 3.5 tons are  also still available  .

Road map of Belarus

Road map of Belarus  in JPEG format (5.1 MB).

Buy a European roadmap from the Amazon online shop with delivery  

Main traffic rules of Belarus

Speed ​​limit

Standard speed limits in Belarus, unless otherwise stated on the signs (Chapter 11 of the SDA of Belarus).

Cars (up to 3.5 t):

  • in the village – 60 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the way – 110 km / h

Cars with trailers [1]:

  • in the village – 60 km / h
  • outside the village – 70 km / h
  • on the way – 90 km / h

Motorcycles:

  • in the village – 60 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the way – 90 km / h

[1] for vehicles pulling powered vehicles on all roads – no more than 50 km / h.

Power-driven vehicles that are driven by drivers with up to two years of driving experience – no more than 70 km / h.

In the area of ​​the “residential area”, the speed of the vehicles should not exceed 20 km / h.

The maximum permissible speed for vehicles with a permissible weight of up to 3.5 tons on the Brest-Minsk-Russia border road is 120 km / h (with appropriate signs).

From October 10, 2014, the speed limit was increased to 120 km / h on the following road sections:

  • Р1  Minsk – Dzerzhinsk (everywhere);
  • M1  /  E30  Brest – Minsk – Russian border (573 km – 610 km);
  • M4  Minsk – Mogilev (everywhere);
  • M5  Minsk – Gomel (along the entire length, with the exception of the section from km 21 to 57 km, where the speed is limited to 100 km / h);
  • M6  Minsk – Grodno (8 km – 57 km).

The exceptions are the sections of the named motorways in the immediate vicinity of:

  • Pedestrian crossings on one level;
  • Kreuzungen mit links abbiegenden Ausgängen;
  • Konzentrationsbereiche von Verkehrsunfällen.

Außerdem wurde die Verkehrsgeschwindigkeit auf einigen Abschnitten der Moskauer Ringstraße auf 100 km / h erhöht .

Die aktuellen Höchstgeschwindigkeitsbeschränkungen für Personenkraftwagen auf den Straßen europäischer Länder.

Radarkameras

Nach Angaben der UGAI des belarussischen Innenministeriums wurden die an der Grenze zwischen M1 Brest, Minsk und Russland installierten Radarkameras ab dem 1. Juli 2012 funktionsfähig.

Anfangs waren nur 15 Radarkameras auf der Strecke installiert. Sie sind in beträchtlichem Abstand voneinander installiert, und der Kontrollbereich jedes Geräts ist mit einem speziellen Schild gekennzeichnet .

Seitdem wurden Kameras auf anderen Straßen installiert und ihre Anzahl hat 500 überschritten. Bis Januar 2021 wurden 501 fest installierte Kameras und 39 mobile Kameras installiert.

Diese Kameras sind als Prävention von Geschwindigkeitsüberschreitungen auf diesen Straßenabschnitten positioniert , wo ein erhöhtes Risiko eines ist Zufall . Ihre Standorte finden Sie hier .

Gleichzeitig wird der Einsatz automatisierter Systeme die übliche Radargeschwindigkeitsregelung durch Inspektoren nicht ersetzen, sondern nur ergänzen.

Es sollte auch berücksichtigt werden, dass, wenn die Geschwindigkeit von mehreren Kameras aufgezeichnet wird, die Geldstrafen entsprechend der Anzahl der Verstöße gezahlt werden müssen.

Die Frage, wie die von diesen Kameras aufgezeichneten Bußgelder im Falle einer Geschwindigkeitsüberschreitung durch ausländische Fahrer erhoben werden, scheint sehr interessant zu sein.

Dies sagte der leitende Inspektor der UGAI des belarussischen Innenministeriums Stanislav Solovey dazu :

Informationen über den Verstoß werden in eine einzige Datenbank eingegeben, und jedes Auto mit ausländischen Nummern wird an der Staatsgrenze überprüft. Es wird auch einen besonderen Punkt geben, an dem ein ausländischer rücksichtsloser Fahrer mit Informationen über seinen eigenen Verstoß vertraut gemacht wird und zur Zahlung einer entsprechenden Geldstrafe verpflichtet ist.

Alkohol

Der maximal zulässige Blutalkoholspiegel beträgt 0,29 ‰ .

Diese Bestimmung trat am 12. August 2011 gemäß der Entschließung des Ministerrates der Republik Belarus Nr. 497 vom 14. April 2011 in Kraft.

 „Über die Genehmigung der Vorschriften über das Verfahren zur Untersuchung von Personen zur Feststellung des Zustands der Alkoholvergiftung und (oder) des Zustands, der durch den Konsum von Betäubungsmitteln, psychotropen, toxischen oder anderen berauschenden Substanzen verursacht wird“ (50 Kb).

Für den zulässigen Pegel überschreitet – eine Geldbuße in Höhe von BYN 2.900 bis 5.800 (€ 945-1,889) mit Entzug des Rechts auf ein Fahrzeug für einen Zeitraum von 3 bis 5 Jahren zu fahren.

Akzeptabler Blutalkoholgehalt während der Fahrt in Europa.

Abblendlicht

Abblendlicht ist optional, wenn Sie tagsüber fahren. Das Abblendlicht muss nachts eingeschaltet werden, bei schlechten Sichtverhältnissen aufgrund schlechten Wetters sowie beim Motorradfahren, Mopedfahren und beim Abschleppen eines kraftbetriebenen Fahrzeugs (auf einem Zugfahrzeug).

Nebelscheinwerfer können anstelle von Abblendlichtern bei Tageslicht verwendet werden, um ein fahrendes Fahrzeug anzuzeigen oder wenn sich die Sicht auf der Straße verschlechtert ( Kapitel 22 der SDA von Belarus ).

Das Fahren eines Fahrzeugs mit unbeleuchteten Scheinwerfern und Rücklichtern (nachts und bei schlechten Sichtverhältnissen) wird mit einer Geldstrafe von 29 bis 87 BYN ( 9 bis 28 €) bestraft .

Zu Beginn und am Ende des Schuljahres finden in Belarus spezielle komplexe Veranstaltungen (SCM) statt, bei denen eine Bewegung mit Abblendlicht obligatorisch ist ( Abschnitt 166.9 der SDA von Belarus ).

Bei Nichteinhaltung dieser Anforderung eine Geldstrafe von BYN 87 (28 €).

In welchen europäischen Ländern ist die Verwendung von Abblendlichtern tagsüber obligatorisch?

Transport von Kindern

Der Transport von Kindern in einem mit Sicherheitsgurten ausgestatteten Personenkraftwagen muss durchgeführt werden mit:

  • Rückhaltesysteme für Kinder, die dem Gewicht und der Größe des Kindes entsprechen – unter 5 Jahren;
  • Restraint systems for children, appropriate to the weight and height of the child, other means (boosters, special seat cushions, additional seats) that allow you to securely fasten the child with the seat belts provided in the vehicle design – from the age of 5 to 12 years.

It is permitted to transport children under the age of 12 without using the devices mentioned in Part 1 of this paragraph if the child is over 150 centimeters tall, as well as in a taxi.

It is forbidden to transport children in the front seat of a passenger car with restraint systems suitable for the weight and height of the child with the rear facing the windshield of the vehicle when the front seat has an airbag, unless the front airbag mechanism is deactivated.

In case of violation – a fine of up to 116 BYN (38 €). Repeated injury within a year – a fine range of BYN 58-232 (€ 19-76).

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is mandatory for the driver and passengers   when driving in a motor vehicle equipped with seat belts (Chapter 9.5 of the SDA of Belarus).

The fine is up to 29 BYN (€ 9).

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a radio and telephone communication device while driving that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiations without the use of hands (Chapter 10.4 of the SDA of Belarus).

The fine is up to 58 BYN (19 €).

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

tint

The minimum degree of light transmission for the windshield and the front side windows of the vehicle that is permitted to participate in road traffic is 70%.

The degree of light transmission for other glasses, provided these are not marked by the organization (attachment) – manufacturer and contain one of the following combinations of symbols: “43R”, “V”; “43R”, “V-VI”; “AS3”; 43R, V, AS3 – 70%.

Punish

Police officers in Belarus have the right to impose fines on the spot for minor traffic violations. The fine in Belarus is measured in basic units.

As of January 1, 2021, the base amount will be 29 (€ 9) Belarusian rubles (previously 27). This decision is contained in Council of Ministers Resolution No. 783 of December 30, 2020.

Speeding Penalty Table:

Fines for traffic violations in Belarus
About speedTypes and measures of penalties (  BYN)
11-20 km / h29 (9 €)
20-30 km / h29 – 87 (9-28 €)
30-40 km / h87-290 (€ 28-94)
over 40 km / h232 – 348 (€ 76-113)

In contrast to Ukraine, in Belarus, according to PIKoAP RB (Article 8.9, Paragraph 2 1), in some cases police officers have the right to withdraw a driver’s license from a foreign driver before paying a fine.

2   . If a foreign citizen or stateless person (with the exception of those who have their permanent residence in the Republic of Belarus) violates the rules of the road that go beyond the speed of the vehicle and were established by special technical means in the automatic mode, this applies to this person The driver’s license is withdrawn for a period pending the enforcement of an administrative penalty … Instead of the withdrawn driver’s license, a temporary authorization for the right to drive is issued.

Please note that this article refers to the  automatic mode of special technical means  .

Those. If you are stopped for exceeding the speed limit recorded by a stationary or mobile speed camera or a camera installed in a traffic police car, the driver’s license may be removed before the fine is paid.

If this violation is detected by a manual speed measurement system, the actions of the police officer in this case are in no way specified.

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded gasoline (92 and 95) and diesel fuel are available in Belarus. 98 octane gasoline can be found at a limited number of gas stations. The sale of leaded gasoline is prohibited. Petrol stations are available.

Gasoline prices in Belarus are regulated by the government (with the exception of AI-98 gasoline).

On the territory of the country, gasoline in metal cans is allowed to be transported in a car.

From March 1, 2015, the sale of fuel for foreign currency at gas stations in Belarus (including gas stations on the  M1 motorway  ) is prohibited. All payments for fuel are made only in cash in Belarusian rubles, a bank payment card (including non-residents of Belarus) and fuel cards.

Crossing borders

The procedure for crossing the border of the Republic of Belarus is as follows:

  • You drive to the barrier at the entrance to the control point and receive a control card.
  • Pass the barrier and go to the desired corridor (red or green) depending on the availability of the items to be declared.
  • After approaching the checkpoint, turn off the engine and go through transportation and customs control.
  • After the inspection everyone should go to the passport control window with their passports and get a stamp in the passport about crossing the border. In addition to their passport, the driver must also present the “registration certificate” for the car and the “green card” insurance.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Fire Department – 101
  • Police – 102
  • Ambulance – 103

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • First aid kit for cars
  • Warning triangle
  • Fire extinguisher

Motorcycles with sidecars require a first aid kit and a warning triangle.

Requirements for equipment that must be in the car in different European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

Winter tires – from January 16, 2015, are in the period from December 1 to March 1 for vehicles with a technically permissible total weight of up to 3.5 tons, passenger cars and commercial vehicles with a weight of more than 3.5 tons and for buses with a weight of up to 3.5 tons, 5 tons are mandatory. Fine – BYN 29 (€ 9).

Winter tires must be marked with a mountain top with three peaks and a snowflake or with the signs “M + S”, “M & S”, “MS”, “MS” or “All seasons” and have a residual profile of not less than 4 mm.

spikes

The use of studded tires for vehicles up to 3.5 tons is permitted. The period during which their use is allowed is not specified in the rules.

Anti-slip chains

Snow chains are allowed if the road is completely covered with snow or ice.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Additional equipment and other rules

The use of radar detectors is not regulated by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus, that is, allowed.

Use of anti-radar is  prohibited  .