Motorways in France

From July 1, 2016, access to the center of Paris will be restricted!
To enter the center on weekdays from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., you must purchase an environmental sticker of the appropriate category.

The length of the French public road network is 1,028,446 km. The length of the motorways is 11,882 km. In France all roads are paved.

Toll roads

In France, road use is subject to a fee that depends on the vehicle category and the distance traveled. Some bridges and tunnels are also chargeable.

Vehicle category:

Cat.vehicledescription
fiveMotorcycle, motorcycle with sidecar
one A car up to 2 m high and a total weight of no more than 3.5 t with / without a trailer
2 A car with a height of 2 m to 3 m and a total weight of no more than 3.5 t with / without a trailer
3A car with a height of 3 m and more or a gross weight of more than 3.5 t
fourA vehicle with more than 2 axles and a height of 3 m or more or a total weight of more than 3.5 t

Highway prices

The motorway toll system in France is operated by several companies that are distributed in different regions. The payment amount is always displayed on the board at the entrance to the paid area. Payment can be made in cash, by credit card or via remote payment systems. Tariffs for selected motorways for 2021:

HighwayRoute (distance)valuation
A1Paris – Lille (210 km)€ 16.90
A2Combles – Belgian border (64 km)€ 4.10
A4Paris – Strasbourg (483 km)€ 40.00
A5Paris – Langres (276 km)€ 19.00
A6Paris – Lyon (457 km)€ 35.80
A7Lyon – Marseille (306 km)€ 25.20
A8La Fare-les-Oliviers – Menton (Italian border) (218 km)€ 24.60
A9Orange – Le Boulou (Spanish border) (270 km)25.30 €
A10Paris – Bordeaux (581 km)€ 56.20
A11Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines – Nantes (322 km)€ 38.30
A13Paris – Caen (221 km)€ 24.80
A16Paris – Dunkerque (308 km)€ 22.10
A26Troyes – Calais (376 km)€ 34.90
A28Abbeville Tours (401 km)€ 40.50
A31Beaune – Metz (297 km)19.90 €
A39Dijon – Bourg-en-Bresse (149 km)€ 12.00
A40Mâcon – Mont Blanc Tunnel (207 km)€ 23.00
A43Lyon – Fourneaux (Italian border) (186 km)25.30 €
A63Bordeaux – Bayonne (173 km)€ 11.40

The table shows the guide prices for passenger cars, calculated once at the beginning of the year on the basis of the French motorway website, provided that the traffic is between points on the same motorway.

For example:  Paris – Lille (€ 16.90) when driving on the  A1  motorway  only  . If you are traveling on a different route, the fare may differ in one direction or the other.

You can  calculate the route in more detail on the  Autoroutes France portal 

Special payment websites (tunnel)

Mont Blanc tunnel

The Mont Blanc tunnel is located under the Mont Blanc mountain between Chamonix (France) and Courmayeur (Italy). The Mont Blanc tunnel has a length of 11,611 m, of which it is located in France – 7,644 m, in Italy – 3,967 m.

Mont Blanc tunnel in France

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleDisposableRound tripFor 10 trips
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar30.80 €€ 38.70€ 96.80
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 46.60€ 58.20€ 145.40
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 61.70€ 77.50€ 193.80

The tunnel tariffs on the French side differ from those on the Italian side.

Additional information   on driving through the Mont Blanc tunnel.

Frejus tunnel

The Frejus Tunnel connects Bardonecchia in Italy and Modane in France. The Frejus Tunnel has a length of 12,895 m, of which 6,360 m in Italy and 6,535 m in France.

Frejus tunnel in France

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleDisposableRound trip within 7 days8 trips
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar30.80 €€ 38.70€ 95.50
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 46.60€ 58.20€ 146.10
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 61.70€ 77.50€ 191.30

Read more about the tariffs for the  Frejus tunnel in French (474 ​​Kb).

Puymorens tunnel

The Puymorens Tunnel is part of the E9 international motorway   between Toulouse (France) and Barcelona (Spain). The Puymorens tunnel has a length of 4,820 m.

Puymorens tunnel in France

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleTariff (EUR)
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar€ 4.20
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 7.00
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 14.50

Payment is made from the south side of the tunnel.

Maurice Lemaire tunnel

The Maurice-Lemaire Tunnel is part of the N159 regional road   that connects Nancy in France and Freiburg in Germany. The Maurice Lemaire Tunnel has a length of 6.872 m.

Maurice-Lemaire tunnel in France

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleTariff (EUR)
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar€ 3.70
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 6.20
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 9.70

Initially it was a railway tunnel, which was later converted into a car tunnel.

Prado-Carénage and Prado-Sud tunnels in Marseille

The Prado Carénage tunnel in Marseille connects the port with the city center. The Prado Carénage tunnel has a length of 2,455 m.

This tunnel was built in 1993 and was the first paid city tunnel in France.

Prado-Carénage tunnel in France

In November 2013, the second Prado-Sud toll tunnel was opened in Marseille. It is 1,500 m long and connects the coastal areas with the A50 motorway.

Prado-Sud tunnel in France

The passage through these tunnels is only permitted for cars, delivery vans and delivery vans with a height of no more than 3.2 m and a total weight of up to 3.5 tons. The maximum speed is limited to 60 km / h. Tariffs for 2021:

tunnelTariff (EUR)
Prado-Carénage€ 2.90
Prado Sud€ 2.20
Both tunnels€ 5.10

Eurotunnel

The Eurotunnel or Channel Tunnel runs under the English Channel. Its length is about 51 km, of which 39 km are located below the bottom of the strait. The tunnel connects continental Europe with Great Britain.

Eurotunnel in Calais

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

The tariffs include car transport, up to 9 passengers and luggage. There are different types of tickets:

  • Day trip & overnight  – tickets (round trip) must be purchased as part of a 2-day return trip. The return must be made by midnight (local time) on the second day after departure. Ticket prices start at £ 31 each way.
  • Short stay  – tickets (round trip) must be purchased as part of a 5-day return. Returns must be made by midnight (local time) on the fifth day after check-out. Ticket prices start at £ 73 each way.
  • Standard  – Standard tickets. Ticket prices start at £ 91 each way.

Detailed information on all tariffs can be found on the  official website of the Eurotunnel 

Tunnel on the A86 motorway 

 There is a toll tunnel on the A86 motorway  , the ring road around Paris. Its length is about 10.5 km.

Tunnel on the A86 motorway around Paris

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

Passage through the tunnel is only permitted for cars, vans and vans with a height of no more than 2 m and a total weight of up to 3.5 tons. It is forbidden to move through the tunnel for motorcycles, as well as for cars with equipped LPG. The maximum speed in the tunnel is 70 km / h. Tariffs for 2021 (euros):

Tariffs for tunnel A86 2021

Find out more about  tunnel tariffs on the A86 in French (145 KB).

Caluire tunnel in Lyon

The Caluire tunnel is part of the Périphérique Nord toll complex, which includes 4 tunnels with a total length of 6.5 km, 2 viaducts and 2 toll stations. It connects the  A6 motorway  (Paris – Marseille) with the  A42  (Geneva) and  A43  (Grenoble – Chambery) motorways .

Caluire tunnel in Lyon

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleTariff (EUR)
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar€ 1.10
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 2.20
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 3.30

Special paid land (bridges)

Millau Viaduct

The Millau Viaduct is a bridge structure (viaduct) that runs through the Tarn Valley near the town of Millau in southern France (Aveyron department). The length of the bridge is 2,460 m, and the road bed at its highest point reaches 270 m above the Tarn River.

Millau Viaduct in France

The coordinates of the Millau Viaduct:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

The tariffs are approved by the French government and the company Eiffage du viaduc de Millau. The tariffs are updated annually on February 1st. Tariffs for 2021:

 vehiclevaluationSummer price   *
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar€ 5.50€ 5.50
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 9.00€ 11.20
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 13.6016.80 €
A car with a height of 3 m and more or a gross weight of more than 3.5 t€ 30.40€ 30.40

* valid in summer from June 15th to September 15th.

There is only one payment point for both directions. It is 4 km north of the viaduct and has 18 lanes (9 in each direction). Payment can be made in cash, by credit card and by remote payment system.

Normandy Bridge

The Normandy Bridge is thrown over the Seine estuary and connects Le Havre and Honfleur. The length of the bridge is 2.143 m.

Normandy Bridge in France

Normandy Bridge coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleTariff (EUR)
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 5.50
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 6.40
A car with a height of 3 m and more or a gross weight of more than 3.5 t€ 7.00

Tancarville Bridge

The Tancarville Bridge is thrown over the Seine and connects Tankarville and Marais-Vernier. The length of the bridge is 1,420 m.

Tancarville Bridge in France

Tankarville Bridge Coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleTariff (EUR)
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 m€ 2.60
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 m€ 3.30
A car with a height of 3 m and more or a gross weight of more than 3.5 t3.90 €

Re Island Bridge

The Isle of Re bridge connects the mainland with the Isle of Re in western France (Charente-Maritime department). The length of the bridge is 2.927 m and the height above sea level is 42 m.

Bridge of the Isle of Re in France

Coordinates of the Re Island Bridge:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

Originally it was planned to make this bridge vacant from 2012, but later that decision was abandoned for fear of a large influx of cars. Tariffs for 2021:

 vehiclevaluationSummer price   *
Motorcycles with or without a sidecar3.00 €3.00 €
A car up to 3 m high and a total weight of no more than 3.5 t with / without a trailer€ 8.00€ 16.00
A car with a height of more than 3 m or a gross weight of more than 3.5 t€ 18.00€ 18.00

* valid in summer from June 20th to September 11th.

The payment point is located on the mainland 200 m from the bridge and has 8 lanes. Payment can be made in cash, by credit card and by remote payment system. The ticket price includes the return trip across the bridge.

Parking in France

Do not stop or park near the yellow curbs. If it’s a dashed yellow line, you can stop there for a short time. Times and other restrictions are indicated on the signs next to them. You can only park on the right side of the street if there is no sign.

Parking in the same place for more than 24 hours is prohibited (unless it is a long-term car park). Parking machines  ( ”  Horodateure  “) are widely used in France.

Horodateurs parking machines in France

These car parks work with special credit cards that can be bought at kiosks with a sign with a French “  tabacs  ” (specially licensed  tobacco kiosks  with a red sign).

Unless otherwise stated, parking is free from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 a.m., on weekends and public holidays, and throughout August. In smaller cities, free parking spaces are often available between 12:00 p.m. and 1:30 p.m. The prices and parking times are indicated on the machine.

The fine for violating the parking rules is € 17.

Parking in Paris

From July 1, 2016, entry into central Paris on weekdays from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. will be banned for cars manufactured before 1997 and motorcycles manufactured before 2000   .

From October 1, 2016, the fine for this violation for passenger cars is € 35 and from January 1, 2017, the fine is € 68.

Parking in Paris can be   pre-booked on the Parkings de Paris website  (in English). Parking is tailored to the height of the vehicle. The booking service is free of charge.

France road map

France road map

Main traffic rules in France

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in France

Standard speed limits in France (unless otherwise stated on signs). Cars and motorcycles  [1]  :

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 80 km / h
  • on the way – 110 km / h
  • on the highway – 130 km / h

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 80 km / h
  • on the way – 100 km / h
  • on the highway – 100 km / h

1  In rainy weather, the speed limits are lower: 70 km / h outside the village, 100 km / h on the road and 110 km / h on highways.

It is forbidden to drive on motorway vehicles at a speed not exceeding 60 km / h according to their technical specifications.

If the visibility on the road is less than 50 m, the maximum speed should not exceed 50 km / h regardless of the type of road.

For vehicles with studded tires, the maximum permissible speed is no more than 90 km / h.

On motorway sections with more than two lanes, vehicles with trailers may only use the two right-hand lanes to overtake.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries.

Speed ​​cameras

In France, a large number of radars (around 4,000) are installed on motorways that record speeding violations.

As of May 11, 2011, speed camera warning signs are no longer used. Previously, signs were placed at a distance of one to two kilometers from the first radar.

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.5 ‰  .

If the blood alcohol level is more than 0.5 ‰ and less than 0.8 ‰, the fine is 135 €.

If the blood alcohol level is more than 0.8 ‰, the fine is up to € 4,500 and the license is suspended for up to 3 years. A prison sentence of up to 2 years is also possible. A similar penalty is provided for refusing to be examined for a condition of alcohol intoxication.

If you have caused an accident that resulted in serious injury while your blood alcohol level was above acceptable, the fine is up to 10,000 € and the prison sentence is up to 2 years.

From July 1, 2012, drivers of all cars and motorcycles (with the exception of mopeds) must have a disposable breathalyzer in their car.

This change in  traffic rules in  France aims to reduce the number of serious accidents on French roads. According to statistics, the number of road deaths committed during the noise in France was more than 30%.

From July 1, 2015, the permitted blood alcohol level for novice drivers (driving experience less than 2 years) is  0.2 ‰  . The fine is € 135.

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

The use of dipped headlights during the day is mandatory when visibility is poor. The use of dipped headlights is also mandatory when driving through tunnels.

The French government strongly recommends the use of dipped beam headlights for 4 × 4 vehicles around the clock.

The fine for driving at night or in poor visibility without lights is € 135.

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

The use of a suitable restraint is mandatory for children under 10 years of age or when the child is tall enough to use the seat belt (between 1.35 m and 1.50 m).

It is highly  recommended that  children under 10 years of age be transported in the back seat of a vehicle. If a child is being transported in the front seat, the airbag must be deactivated.

Children weighing up to 13 kg must be carried with their backs facing the direction of travel.

The driver is responsible for all children under the age of 18 in the vehicle.

The fine is € 135.

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   . The fine is € 135.

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion. The fine is € 135.

From July 1, 2015, it is forbidden to wear devices that can make noises (conversations, music, radio) in your ears while driving a vehicle (including a bicycle). The fine is € 135.

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

tint

It is forbidden to tint the windshield, with the exception of a 10 cm strip at the top to protect it from the sun.

The front side windows must have a light transmission of at least 70% in accordance with the requirements of UNECE Regulation No. 43.

Rear window tinting is permitted provided the car is equipped with 2 side mirrors.

Punish

Police officers have the right to impose fines (up to € 375) for traffic violations on site. In this case, an official receipt must be issued. The penalties are divided into 5 classes. 

Vehicles parked in violation of the regulations can be removed by the police at the owner’s expense. Read here how to pay for a parking ticket. Fines for some traffic violations in France:

violationFines (EUR)
Exceeding the maximum speed of 20 km / h68 €  [  1  ]
Exceeding the speed limit by no more than 20 km / h in a built-up area€ 135  [  2  ]
Exceeding the speed limit from 20 km / h to 50 km / h€ 135  [  2  ]
Exceeding the speed limit by more than 50 km / h€ 1,500
Pedestrian crime4 €
Changes in the direction of travel without prior notice35 €
Drive emergency lane35 €
Driving with defective lighting equipment€ 68
Passage at a red light135 €
Violation of the overtaking rules135 €
Cross a solid line135 €
Travel one way in the left lane with a free right lane on a two lane road135 €
Failure to maintain a safe distance between vehicles135 €
Missing or illegible license plates135 €
Cross the railway line with a closed barrier135 €
Traffic in the opposite direction135 €
Stopping or parking at night or in poor visibility without emergency lighting135 €
Use of a video display device in the driver’s field of vision (screen), except for GPS devices€ 1,500

[1]  If you pay within 15 days, the fine is 45 € and if you pay after 45 days, the fine is 180 €. The maximum possible fine for this violation is € 450 (if the case is examined in court).

[2]  If you pay within 15 days, the penalty is € 90 and if you pay after 45 days, € 375. The maximum possible fine for this violation is € 750 (if the case is examined in court).

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded ( sans plomb   ) petrol (95-E10, 95 and 98) and diesel (  Gazole  ) are  available in France  . There is no such thing as leaded gasoline. Gas stations available (GPL).

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Ambulance – 15
  • Police – 17
  • Fire Brigade – 18

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • Warning triangle  – except for motorcycles
  • A reflective vest  is required if you leave a car that has been left standing on the road or on your shoulder at night or in poor visibility. Fine of up to € 135.
  • Breathalyzer  – required from July 1, 2012.

Requirements for equipment that must be present in the car in various European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

The use of winter tires in France is optional.

They are needed in mountain areas for a short time. These streets are marked with appropriate signs (  “Pneus Neige”  ).

spikes

Studded tires are allowed from the last Saturday before November 11th to the last Sunday in March. This period can be extended depending on weather conditions.

When driving with studded tires for vehicles registered in France, a speed limit sticker of 90 km / h is required. For cars registered abroad, this is of an advisory nature.

Anti-slip chains

In some cases, snow chains may be required on some mountain passes.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

It is recommended that you equip your vehicles with a set of replacement bulbs.

At roundabouts with the signs  “Vous n’avez pas la prioré”  (“You have no priority”) or  “Cédez Le Passage”  (“  Give in  ”) vehicles have priority in the roundabout. In the absence of such a sign, vehicles entering such an intersection have priority.

Transportation or use Radar detector forbidden  . Violation of this rule will result in a fine of up to € 1,500 and the confiscation of the device.

On January 3, 2012, the use of GPS satellite navigation software, which shows the location of fixed and mobile speed cameras, is  prohibited  . This function must be deactivated.