Motorways in Germany

The length of the public road network in Germany is 644,480 km, all of which are paved roads. The length of the motorways is 12,917 km.

Toll roads

There are no tolls in Germany. You have to pay  to enter the center of some cities (  “environmental zone”  ) and drive through two tunnels.

Ecological zones

Ecological zone sign

Since January 1, 2008, environmental zones have been  created in many German cities  to reduce air pollution from fine dust.

The eco zone is marked with a road sign and an additional sign. The labeling of cars with the special symbol  “badge”  (a sticker on the inside of the windshield) as well as the correct assignment of the sticker to the respective vehicle is in the regulation on the marking of low-emission vehicles (labeling regulation). The sticker is valid in all environmental zones in all cities in Germany.

Cars with the appropriate sticker are allowed to enter the environmental zones that have been set up. Only the drivers who want to enter the environmental zone have to have the appropriate sticker on their car.

 No vignette is required to enter the territory of Germany.

A sticker for entering the environmental zones costs between € 5 and € 15. Entering the environmental zone without a sign or without a permit is exceptionally not allowed (fine – 80 €). The sticker is available from technical test centers or authorized workshops.

Owners of foreign vehicles can receive a sticker by filling out the corresponding electronic form on the website of the state licensing authority Berlin.de   and attaching  a copy of the vehicle registration certificate stating the exhaust emission standards or the manufacturer’s certificate (preferably as a PDF file). .

After checking the documents, the registration office sends the applicant a payment order including bank details by email. A fee of € 6 will be charged for processing the documents and issuing the badge, which will be sent to the applicant by post. Orders can take anywhere from two to three weeks to process, so it is recommended that you order your sticker in advance.

A sticker can also be obtained from the vehicle registration office in Cologne by sending copies of the vehicle documents and € 5 (cash or by check) to the vehicle registration office, Max-Glomsda-Straße 4, D-51105 Cologne. More information at  www.stadt-koeln.de  Find out more about environmental zones and the classification of vehicles according to toxicity categories.

Land with special payment

Warnow tunnel

The Warnow tunnel runs under the Warnow and connects the east and west banks north of Rostock. The tunnel is 790 meters long. It is the first toll road in modern Germany and was opened on September 12, 2003.

Warnowtunnel tunnel in Germany

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Travel prices for 2021:

Vehicle typeheightWinter (01.11-30.04)Summer (May 1st – October 31st)
  Motorbike,
car,
car with trailer
h ≤ 2.05 m€ 3.60€ 4.40
  High trailer,
van,
motorhome
2.05 m <h <2.60 m€ 4.10€ 5.50

If you don’t have automatic payment machines (RFID or Oscard) you will have to use lanes 2 or 3 to get through.

Warnow tunnel - payment station

If you are driving on Lane 2, you can pay in cash. € 100, € 200 and € 500 banknotes are not accepted. If you pay less than € 10 by credit card, there will be an additional € 0.35 charge.

When driving through the 3rd lane, you can pay with coins in the machine. We accept coins worth € 2, € 1, € 0.50, € 0.20 and € 0.10.

Please note that lanes 3 and 4 are not accessible to motorcyclists.

Tunnel Herrentunnel

The men’s tunnel runs under the Trave and is 780 meters long. It is part of the federal highway 75, which connects Lübeck with Travemünde. This is the second toll tunnel in Germany. It was opened on 08/26/2005.

Herrentunneltunnel in Germany

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Travel prices for 2021:

Vehicle typeHeight *passportcashbox
  Motorbike,
car,
car with trailer
h ≤ 1.30 m²1.80 €1.90 €
  Van,
truck,
bus
h> 1.30 m€ 3.50

* Height around the first axis.

Use the two lanes on the far right to pay in cash. The next 2 lines are for coin payments at the machine. The last line is used to pay with machines.

Herren tunnel - toll booth

With automatic payment, coins with a face value of 10 euro cents or more are accepted. When paying in cash at the till, banknotes up to € 50 are accepted.

Panoramastraße Roßfeldpanoramastraße

This alpine road leads through the Berchtesgaden National Park on the border with Germany and Austria. The length of the road is 15.4 km. The highest point is 1,570 m, the maximum gradient of the road is 13% and the difference in altitude is 1,100 meters. The road leads through beautiful alpine meadows with wonderful views of the surrounding area.

Panoramastraße Roßfeldpanoramastraße in Germany

Street coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

The street is open all year round. Tariffs for 2021:

vehicleprice
Motorcycle including driver and passenger€ 5.00
Cars including passengers€ 8.50
Bus including passengers€ 60.00

Parking in Germany

Parking in the restricted area is punishable by a fine. In some streets, parking is only allowed for residents  (  residents’ parking   or free of  charge  ). Parking at the back is prohibited.

Some parking spaces require a parking disc (  parking disc  ), which can be bought at petrol stations. The window must be visible under the windshield and show the arrival time.

Some parking spaces (  parking ticket  ) require a ticket or plastic coins at the entrance. They are used to pay at the machine (usually near pedestrian exits to the parking lot) before leaving the parking lot.

Fines for violations of parking rules recorded by automatic time control devices:

  • up to 30 minutes – 10 €;
  • up to an hour – 15 €;
  • up to two hours – € 20;
  • up to three hours – 25 €;
  • more than three hours – € 30.

Road map for Germany

Road map for Germany

Road map of Germany  (3.3 Mb).

Main traffic rules in Germany

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in Germany

Normal speed limits in Germany (unless otherwise stated on signs). Cars and Motorcycles:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 100 km / h
  • on the highway – 130 km / h (recommended)

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 80 km / h
  • on the highway – 80 km / h

Driving on motorways with vehicles at a speed of not more than 60 km / h is prohibited according to their technical specifications.

For vehicles equipped with snow chains, the maximum permissible speed is not more than 50 km / h.

Motorway map of Germany  with the permitted travel speed (3.5 MB).

The current speed limits on the roads of European countries for cars.

alcohol

The maximum permitted blood alcohol level is  0.3 ‰  .

If the blood alcohol level is more than 0.3 and less than 0.5 and the driver has not committed a traffic violation, no penalty is provided.

If the blood alcohol level exceeds 0.5, the driver will be fined € 500 for the first violation for 3 months. Third time – € 1,500 and license withdrawal for up to 3 months.

If the blood alcohol level exceeds 1.1, imprisonment for up to 6 months and driving license revocation of up to 5 years are possible in addition to the fine.

For drivers whose driving experience is less than 2 years or whose age is not more than 21 years, the permitted blood alcohol level is 0.00 ‰.
The fine is € 250.

Acceptable blood alcohol levels when driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

It is recommended to always use low beam. If visibility is poor due to bad weather (fog, snow or rain), the low beam should be switched on. It is forbidden to  only  move with the specified dimensions.

In which European countries are dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under the age of 12 can  only  travel if they use appropriate child restraint systems that are appropriate for their weight.

It is forbidden to transport children under 3 years of age in vehicles that are not equipped with seat belts. Children over 3 years of age and less than 150 cm tall can only be carried in the rear seats in such vehicles.

Failure to comply with this rule will result in a fine of € 60 if a child is transported. When transporting several children – 70 €.

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belt

It is mandatory to wear seat belts for front and rear passengers   .

The fine is € 30.

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that enables hands-free negotiation while driving.

Do not reach for your cell phone when the engine is running.

The fine is € 60.

Penalties for using the phone while driving in European countries.

tint

The light transmission of the windshield must be at least 75%, that of the front side windows at least 70%.

Failure to comply with light transmission standards endangers road safety. In this case, the operation of the vehicle is prohibited until the cause has been eliminated.

Punish

Police officers have the right to collect fines on site for minor traffic violations. If you don’t have enough cash, you can pay with a credit card. If you cannot or do not want to pay (you have the legal right to do so), your vehicle may be confiscated.

Table of penalties for traffic violations:

violationfinenote
Parking on sidewalks or bike paths€ 20 
Parking in spaces reserved for special vehicles€ 60 
Failure to keep the distance to the previous vehicle€ 25-400depending on the speed of movement
Violation of the overtaking rules€ 70 
Overtaking on the right100 €Outer settlements
Overtaking in the area of ​​the
“No overtaking” sign
150 € 
Turn right at the green arrow without stopping at the traffic lights€ 70 
Driving over a red light€ 90The red signal does not light up for more than 1 second
Driving over a red light€ 200Red light is on for
more than 1 second
Use of fog lights instead of low beam€ 10without fog
Race on public roads€ 400 
Driving without dipped headlights outside built-up areas€ 60in poor visibility
through fog, rain, snow
Driving without dipped headlights in the tunnel€ 60
Driving in the opposite direction when driving on a motorway:
– at the entrance / exit
– at the roadside
– on the road


75
€ 130
€ 200 €
 

Keep in mind that if you refuse to pay the fine on the spot, the fine will be higher if you go to court. Some of the penalties depend on your income.

Speeding ticket for cars:

Overspeed
up to 10 km / h€ 15€ 10
11-15 km / h€ 25€ 20
16-20 km / h€ 35€ 30
21-25 km / h€ 80€ 70
26-30 km / h100 €€ 80
31-40 km / h€ 160€ 120
41-50 km / h€ 200€ 160
51-60 km / h€ 280€ 240
61-70 km / h€ 480€ 400
over 70 km / h€ 680€ 600

The error in the speed measurement is 3 km / h at speeds below 100 km / h and 3% at speeds above 100 km / h.

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded petrol (95 and 98) and diesel are available in Germany. There is no such thing as leaded gasoline. Petrol stations are available (over 5,000).

Carrying gasoline in canisters in a car is allowed on the territory of the country.

At present, E10 petrol (contains 10% ethanol) is often used in Germany, but this is not suitable for all vehicles. Only use it if you are sure that it is suitable for your vehicle (contact the vehicle manufacturer or refer to  this list   (86 KB) from the Association of European Automobile Manufacturers).

Gas station map in Germany in German (555 Kb). List of petrol stations, including their opening times, in German (483 Kb). List of LPG filling stations in Germany  in German (3.5 Mb).

Changes compared to the previous period are displayed. Update every two weeks.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Fire Department – 112
  • Police – 110
  • Ambulance – 112

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • Reflective vest  – From July 1, 2014, a reflective vest (in accordance with European standard EN471) is required to be used in the event of emergency braking and when installing an emergency stop sign on the road. The driver is obliged to show the vest at the roadside inspection. This rule does not apply to mopeds / motorcycles.

Requirements for the equipment that must be in the car in different European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

In appropriate weather conditions (snow, mud, ice on the road) vehicles with a total weight of up to 3.5 tonnes must be equipped with winter tires.

Winter or all-season tires that are intended for use in winter must be marked with “M + S”, a mountain peak with three peaks and a snowflake inside.

If the vehicle is not equipped with winter tires during this time, the offender must be fined € 60. If obstacles are created for other road users, the fine increases to € 80.

spikes

Studded tires are  prohibited  , with the exception of a small section from Bad Reichenhall-Lofer near the Austrian border.

Non-slip chains

The use of snow chains is permitted if there is a corresponding traffic sign.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in various European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

It is recommended that you have a set of spare lamps, a first aid kit, and an emergency stop sign with you. A first-aid kit and a warning triangle are mandatory for residents.

The function for displaying the position of permanently installed speed cameras in the GPS-based navigation software must be deactivated.

Usage Radar detectors forbidden  . The fine is € 75

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