Motorways in Hungary

The length of the Hungarian public road network is 199,567 km, of which 76,075 km are paved roads. The length of the motorways is 1,715 km.

Toll roads

The use of motorways, motorways and special sections of main roads in Hungary is only permitted after paying a toll. The amount of the fee depends on the vehicle category and the length of time the road has been used. Motorways for which a vignette is required are marked with the corresponding “  matrica  ” sign.

Since July 1, 2013, Hungary has introduced an electronic toll system for vehicles with a total mass of over 3.5 tons (except for campers and buses), the amount of which is proportional to the distance traveled by the vehicle. The system affects certain road sections (motorway, motorway, motorway) with a total length of 6,513 km.

The vignette must be purchased before entering the toll road!

If for whatever reason you did not manage to purchase an electronic vignette in time or accidentally stepped on the street, you have 60 minutes from the time of your arrival to purchase a vignette.

Vehicles with a total mass of less than 3.5 tons as well as mobile homes and buses must still buy e-vignettes as tariffs  .

Vehicle tariff categories

The tariff category of the vehicle is determined on the basis of the official vehicle registration certificate.

  • D1  – motorcycles (D1M), as well as vehicles with 7 passengers, including the driver, with a maximum permissible weight not exceeding 3.5 tons and trailers;
  • D2  – all vehicles that do not belong to category  D1  and can accommodate more than 7 passengers, vans and campers with a maximum permissible weight of up to 3.5 tons;
  • B2  – vehicles for the carriage of passengers with more than 9 permanent seats for passengers, including the driver;
  • U-  trailers for vehicles of categories  D2  and  B2  .

Vignette costs

Vignette costs (HUF) for 2021:

Vignette costs in Hungary
Vehicle category10 days1 month1 year
 D1M1,530 (€ 4)2,600 (€ 7)44,660 (€ 125)
 D13,640 (€ 10)4,970 (€ 14)44,660 (€ 125)
 D27,270 (€ 20)9,930 (€ 28)44,660 (€ 125)
 B216,100 (€ 45)22,830 (€ 64)207,770 (€ 580)
 U.3,640 (€ 10)4,970 (€ 14)44,660 (€ 125)

For vehicles in categories  D1  ,  D2  ,  B2  and  U, the  e-vignette is purchased for at least 10 days.
Even if the drive on the motorways does not take longer than 1 day!

Regional vignettes

In addition to the usual vignettes, regional vignettes  have been introduced for  D1  ,  D2  ,  B2  and  U  vehicles since 2015  . These vignettes are valid for 1 year.

Regional vignette is available for the following regions:

Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Csongrád, Fejér, Győr-Moson-Sopron, Hajdú-Bihar, Heves, Komárom-Esztergom, Pest, Somogy, Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg.

Payment for vehicles with a total weight of over 3.5 tons:

Hungary toll road map

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Free motorway sections

From January 1, 2021, only the following motorway sections will be free for vehicles in categories D1, D2, U and B2:

  • M31 motorway;
  • the southwest bypass of the M60 motorway (near the city of Pécs) between roads 58 and 5826;
  • M8 motorway
  • the section of the M9 motorway between roads 6 and 51;
  • Bypass section of the M9 motorway around the town of Kaposvár (road 61);
  • Section of the M4 motorway between the roads leading from Vecsés to Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport (between section 19 + 550 km and section 20 + 518 km);
  • the eastern section of the M4 motorway from the Abony North junction;
  • M44 motorway;
  • Sections of the M0 motorway (roundabout around Budapest):
    • between road 1 and the M5 motorway;
    • between the M4 road and the M3 motorway;
    • Megyeri Bridge (between Streets 11 and 2).

Other M0 sections require a valid e-vignette. There are currently free city bypasses for these sections.

Where can I buy vignettes?

Electronic vignettes are sold at electronic terminals, retail stores and gas stations. They can also be purchased through a mobile app or online.

For example, you can buy e-vignettes online at  ematrica.nemzetiutdij.hu  . However, registration is required when purchasing.

You can also  buy a vignette from  e-autopalyamatrica.hu . There is no need to register here, but it can be handy if you want to buy e-vignettes from them in the future. Please note that if you pay for an e-vignette in euros, the price may be significantly overestimated (by 15-20%).

When purchasing an e-vignette via SMS, note that not all Hungarian mobile network operators used to work properly with telephones registered in Russia. But the situation is getting better every year.

The country code is required for a foreign license plate! Don’t use hyphens or spaces when entering a license plate!

For a full list of possible payment methods – nmzrt.hu (in Hungarian).

Validity of the vignette

1 day –  valid for one day marked by the buyer (until midnight of the marked day). Only for vehicles in tariff categories J2, J3 and J4.

1-week vignette –  valid for the next 9 days from the date specified by the buyer (a total of 10 calendar days in a row).

Example:
The stamp date is May 15th. Accordingly, the vignette is valid until midnight on May 24th.

1-month vignette –  valid from the date specified by the buyer until midnight on the same day of the next month. In the absence of such a day – until midnight on the last day of the month.

Example:
The stamp date is March 15th. Accordingly, the vignette is valid until midnight on April 15; If the first day is January 30th, it will be valid until midnight on February 28th.

1-year vignette –  valid from January 1 of the current year to January 31 of the following year (a total of 13 months).

Motorway control

The payment control is carried out by the State Traffic Inspectorate (GTI). In the latter case, the driver must stop the vehicle and present the vehicle (and trailer) registration documents to the inspector to verify the tariff category.

GTI can use the methods mentioned above to carry out checks on all toll sections, including adjacent recreational areas, as well as on exit lanes at intersections and roads that can only be accessed or lead to toll sections of the road.

 The sales outlets for e-vignettes on the toll sections of motorways should not sell the current passport permits, but make it easier for drivers to buy e-vignettes for later journeys.

This means that mobile inspection teams can also check permits at points of sale located on toll sections of motorways. At these locations, the drivers’ intention to obtain a motorway permit does not exempt them from paying a fine.

Unauthorized driving on motorways

Driving on toll motorway sections without a valid travel permit is not permitted. The presence of a receipt confirms the right to drive on toll highways. When purchasing via electronic terminals, a confirmation message serves as authorization.

Unauthorized travel penalty (HUF):

Penalty for unauthorized travel in Hungary

Vignette category
Due date
within 60 daysmore than 60 days
D1 / D2 / U.15,460 (€ 43)61,820 (€ 173)
B269,540 (€ 194)278,140 (€ 777)

If the verification reveals that an electronic vignette was purchased for the vehicle that is of a lower category than that to which the vehicle actually belongs, an additional payment should be made.

Category mismatch penalty (HUF):

Penalty for category mismatch in Hungary

Vignette category
Category TC
Surcharge for category mismatch
within 60 daysmore than 60 days
D1 / U.D27,790 (€ 22)31,170 (€ 87)
D1 / D2 / U.B254,080 (€ 151)216,320 (€ 604)

FAQ – Frequently asked questions about the Hungarian vignette

Do I need a separate trailer vignette?

If the vehicle belongs to category  D1  , no separate vignette is required for the trailer.

For trailers towed by vehicles of categories  D2  or  B2,  a separate category U vignette   with the registration number of the trailer must be purchased.

How do I find out which category a vehicle belongs to?

Cars and trailers are classified into one of the tariff categories based on the data entered in the vehicle registration certificate.

Vehicle categories in Hungary
Data in the registration certificate
definitionTariff categories
L1 – L7motorcyclesD1M
M1carsD1
N1truckD2
M2busesB2
M3busesB2
O1followerU.
O2followerU.

The vehicle capacity is also determined on the basis of the registration certificate (number of seats, including the driver’s seat) and not on the basis of the actual number of seats in the vehicle.

What if I immediately enter a toll road section in Hungary?

If drivers have not purchased the required road use permit in advance, they have 60 minutes after entering the toll road. This rule prevents the imposition of a fine on those who inadvertently enter a toll road.

This allows you to tailor your itinerary to suit your needs instead of buying an e-vignette before entering a toll road. Under this new rule, road approval actually begins 60 minutes after the vignette has been purchased.

Parking in Hungary

There is a parking fee in the center of Budapest and in the centers of many cities in the country. The center of Budapest is divided into several parking zones, for which different fees are charged (from 120 to 400 HUF per hour (0.3-1.1 €)). Payment is due on weekdays from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. and on Saturdays from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Parking is free on Sundays.

A parking ticket is bought at the nearest machine and placed under the windshield. Minimum parking time: 15 minutes. Maximum parking time: 2-3 hours.

For longer parking periods, it is recommended that you park your car in the P + R car park, which is usually located at the metro and bus stops (Pest side of Arpád Bridge, Nagyvárad Square, Örs Vezér Square, Népliget, etc. ). , from where you can easily continue your journey by public transport.

Improper parking fee up to HUF 30,000 (€ 84).

Basic traffic rules in Hungary

Speed ​​limit

Standard speed limits in Hungary (unless otherwise stated on the signs).

Cars and Motorcycles:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the way – 110 km / h
  • on the highway – 130 km / h

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 70 km / h
  • on the way – 80 km / h
  • on the highway – 80 km / h

It is forbidden to drive on motorway vehicles at a speed not exceeding 60 km / h according to their technical specifications.

For vehicles with snow chains, the maximum speed is 50 km / h.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries.

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.00 ‰  .

If the blood alcohol level is less than 0.5 ‰, the driver will be fined HUF 150,000 (€ 419).

If the blood alcohol level is between 0.5 ‰ and 0.8 ‰, the driver will be fined HUF 200,000 (€ 558).

If the blood alcohol level exceeds 0.8 ‰, the driver will be fined HUF 300,000 (€ 838).

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

The low beam is required around the clock all year round. Fine of up to HUF 10,000 (€ 28).

Driving only with fog lights – HUF 5,000 (€ 14).

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under 3 years of age are only allowed to travel with child restraint systems that are suitable for their weight. They may be transported in front of the vehicle provided the airbag is deactivated.

Children over 3 years and under 150 cm are not allowed to drive in the front seats. You are only allowed to drive in the rear seats of the vehicle with special precautions.

A fine of up to HUF 45,000 (€ 126) for violating the rules for transporting children.

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   . If one of the passengers does not wear a seat belt, the penalty will be charged to that passenger.

Penalties for not wearing seat belts:

  • in the village – 15,000 HUF (42 €);
  • outside the village – 30,000 HUF (84 €);
  • on the motorway – HUF 40,000 (€ 112).

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion.

Punish:

  • in the village – 10,000 HUF (28 €);
  • outside the village – 15,000 HUF (42 €);
  • on the motorway – HUF 20,000 (€ 56).

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

tint

The windshield must have a light transmission of at least 75% and the front side windows at least 70%.

A strip no more than 100 mm wide is allowed on the top of the windshield.

In the case of rear windows, the degree of light transmission is not regulated.

Punish

On July 1, 2011, changes to the Road Traffic Act came into force, which provide for the detention of a car for violations of traffic rules.

The local police will impose a fine of up to HUF 300,000 (€ 838) for speeding, driving through a red light, exceeding the legal alcohol content in the blood and some other amounts.

Before July 1, the police had to send a payment order and the fine did not have to be paid directly to the police officer (this was considered a bribe).

 If it is discovered during the journey that you are driving on motorways without a vignette, this can also lead to the vehicle being arrested. The vehicle will be delayed until the penalties have been paid in full.

If the car is arrested, the driver will receive a written notification (in Hungarian, English, German or Russian) detailing the punishment and information about the location of the vehicle, including the route to get there.

Over speeding in Hungary

Speeding fines in Hungary
About speedPenalty (  HUF)
at a top speed of up to 50 km / h
up to 15 km / hup to 30,000 (€ 84) or warning
from 15 km / h to 25 km / h30,000 (€ 84)
from 25 km / h to 35 km / h45,000 (€ 126)
from 35 km / h to 45 km / h60,000 (€ 168)
from 45 km / h to 55 km / h90,000 (€ 251)
from 55 km / h to 65 km / h130,000 (€ 363)
from 65 km / h to 75 km / h200,000 (€ 558)
over 75 km / h300,000 (€ 838)
with a permissible speed of 50 km / h to 100 km / h
up to 15 km / hup to 30,000 (€ 84) or warning
from 15 km / h to 30 km / h30,000 (€ 84)
from 30 km / h to 45 km / h45,000 (€ 126)
from 45 km / h to 60 km / h60,000 (€ 168)
from 60 km / h to 75 km / h90,000 (€ 251)
from 75 km / h to 90 km / h130,000 (€ 363)
from 90 km / h to 105 km / h200,000 (€ 558)
over 105 km / h300,000 (€ 838)
with a permissible speed over 100 km / h
up to 20 km / hup to 30,000 (€ 84) or warning
from 20 km / h to 35 km / h30,000 (€ 84)
from 35 km / h to 50 km / h45,000 (€ 126)
from 50 km / h to 65 km / h60,000 (€ 168)
from 65 km / h to 80 km / h90,000 (€ 251)
from 80 km / h to 95 km / h130,000 (€ 363)
from 95 km / h to 110 km / h200,000 (€ 558)
over 110 km / h300,000 (€ 838)

Traffic rules of Hungary  in Hungarian (3.1 Mb).

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded petrol (  95 octane  ) and diesel (  Dizel  or  Gazolaj  ) are available in Hungary. There is no such thing as leaded gasoline. Petrol stations are available.

Changes compared to the previous period are displayed. Update every two weeks.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Fire Department – 105
  • Police – 107
  • Ambulance – 104

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • First aid kit
  • Warning triangle
  • Safety vest  – All pedestrians traveling on the street or shoulder outside a building must wear a reflective vest at night and in poor visibility. Anyone who leaves a vehicle outside the built-up area becomes a pedestrian and must therefore wear a safety vest. The fine is up to HUF 30,000 (€ 84).

Requirements for equipment that must be in the car in different European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

The use of winter tires in Hungary is optional.

spikes

The use of studded tires is  prohibited  .

Anti-slip chains

Snow chains may be required on some roads in certain weather conditions.

If at the boundary, the road sign  “chains are obligatory”  attached  is  , the vehicle can cross the border snow chains.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

It is recommended to have a set of spare bulbs (only compulsory for vehicles registered in Hungary).

According to Law 175/2003 (X.21), in October 2003 the property was passed radar receiver, and its use is  not prohibited