Highways in Iceland

Iceland’s public roads are 12,890 km long. Of this, 4,782 km are asphalted.

Toll roads

There is no road toll in Iceland. You only have to pay for one ride through the Vaðlaheiðargöng tunnel.

Land with special payment

Vaðlaheiðargöng tunnel tariffs

The Vaðlaheiðargöng tunnel connects Eyjafjordur with Fjoskadalur. The tunnel is 7,400 m long and has two lanes, one in each direction. The highest point of the tunnel is 500 m above sea level. The maximum speed in the tunnel is limited to 70 km / h.

The Vaðlaheiðargöng tunnel was opened to traffic on December 21, 2018, 2 years later than planned. It replaces the 21 km section of Route 1, which includes the road over the Vikurskard Pass. The tunnel shortens the distance between Akureyri and Husavik by 16 km.

Vaðlaheiðargöng tunnel in Iceland

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  . Tariffs for 2020:

classvehicleTariff (ISK)
Cars up to 3.5 t1,500 (€ 10)
Cars from 3.5 to 7.5 tons2,500 (€ 17)
Cars over 7.5 t5,200 (€ 35)

To pay the fare you need to register the car on the website  www.veggjald.is  .

If you go through the tunnel without registering, you have 3 hours to do so. After 3 hours the fare for cars is ISK 2,500 (€ 19), for trucks ISK 2,900 (€ 19) and for trucks ISK 6,000 (€ 40).

Hvalfjörður tunnel tariffs

From September 28, 2018, the passage through the Hvalfjörður tunnel will be free!

The Hvalfjörður tunnel connects Reykjavik with Akranes. The length of the tunnel is 5,770 m, of which 3,750 m is below the seabed. The deepest point of the tunnel is 165 m below sea level. The maximum speed in the tunnel is limited to 70 km / h.

The Hvalfjörður tunnel was opened to traffic on July 11, 1998 8 months earlier than planned. The capacity of the tunnel was calculated based on 1,500 vehicles per day. But until 2007, 5,500 cars were driving the area every day.

Hvalfjordur Tunnel in Iceland

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps show prices for 2018

Features of the highways in Iceland

Gravel roads sign in Iceland

There are many gravel roads in Iceland. Most often, accidents occur in places where the asphalt road crosses the gravel road. The main reason is that when driving on gravel, drivers do not slow down and therefore lose control.

When driving on gravel roads, which are often very narrow, caution should be exercised when approaching another vehicle that is traveling in the opposite direction and moving as far to the right as possible.

Blind Hills sign in Iceland

Be careful when approaching “blind hills” where the lanes of oncoming traffic are not separated and you cannot see what is going on behind the hill.

Single lane bridge sign in Iceland

Single lane bridges are also common. The basic rule for passage is: the closer a car is to the bridge, the more right of way it has. However, it is best to stop and find out what the other driver is up to.

Road categories in Iceland  in English (3.7 Mb).

Mountain roads

Roads over 300 m above sea level are classified as Alpine roads in Iceland. Very often they can be covered with snow even in the summer months.

Alpine roads are closed in winter or in bad weather. It is impossible to determine the exact dates for the opening of such streets. The file contains statistics for the past 5 years.

Opening dates and a map of the high mountain roads in Iceland  in English (1016 Kb).

Iceland road map

Iceland road map

Basic traffic rules in Iceland

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in Iceland

Standard speed limits in Iceland (unless otherwise stated on signs). Cars and Motorcycles:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village (gravel) – 80 km / h
  • outside the village (asphalt) – 90 km / h

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village (gravel) – 80 km / h
  • outside the village (asphalt) – 80 km / h

Please note:  Special warning signs indicate a hazard (e.g. sharp bends), but there is usually no separate speed limit sign.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.5 ‰  . Excess blood alcohol fines:

Alcohol content (‰)Penalty (ISK)Withdrawal of insurance
0.5 to 0.670,000 (€ 469)2 months
0.61 to 0.7570,000 (€ 469)4 months
from 0.76 to 0.990,000 (€ 603)6 months
from 0.91 to 1.1100,000 (€ 670)8 months
from 1.11 to 1.2110,000 (€ 737)10 months
from 1.21 to 1.5140,000 (€ 938)1 year
from 1.51 to 2.0160,000 (€ 1,072)1.5 years
from 2.01160,000 (€ 1,072)2 years

Repeated offenses will result in a fine of 180,000 ISK (€ 1.206) and a driver’s license revoked for 24 months.

Driving under the influence of narcotics or psychotropic drugs results in a fine between 70,000 and 140,000 ISK (€ 469-938) and a revocation of your driving license from 4 months to 1 year.

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

The use of dipped headlights is mandatory 24 hours a day. The fine for violations is ISK 5,000 (€ 33).

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under the age of 6 should only travel if they are using appropriate child restraint systems that are suitable for their weight. Children under 150 cm should only ride in the rear seats.

The driver is legally responsible for ensuring that all passengers under the age of 15 use child seats, boosters or seat belts correctly.

The fine is ISK 15,000 (€ 100).

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   .

The fine is 10,000 ISK (€ 67).

Motorcycling without a helmet – ISK 5,000 fine (€ 33).

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion.

The fine is 5,000 ISK (€ 33).

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

Punish

Police officers have the right to impose fines on the spot for traffic violations. In some cases, payment can be made at the police station, or the police officer must provide details of the official bank account to which the transfer is to be made.

For drivers of vehicles with trailers, the amount of the fine is 20% higher.

violationPenalties (ISK)
Driving on a sidewalk or bike path5,000 (€ 33)
Driving the vehicle by a driver who (for the first time) does not have documents for driving rights10,000 (€ 67)
Failure to comply with the requirement to clear a bus leaving a stop10,000 (€ 67)
Reversing or turning in such a way that other road users are endangered10,000 (€ 67)
Exit the intersection and create an obstacle for vehicles to move in a cross direction10,000 (€ 67)
Failure to comply with the requirements of giving way at an intersection of a vehicle that is exploiting traffic10,000 (€ 67)
Stop at a pedestrian crossing10,000 (€ 67)
Failure to comply with the requirement to make room for pedestrians10,000 (€ 67)
Violation of the overtaking rules10,000 (€ 67)
Failure to keep the distance to the vehicle in front15,000 (€ 100)
Pass a red light15,000 (€ 100)

Island Speeding Penalty Chart (ISK):

About speedSpeed ​​limit (km / h)
from 6 to 10 km / h5,000 (€ 33)10,000 (€ 67)
from 11 to 15 km / h10,000 (€ 67)30,000 (€ 201)
from 16 to 20 km / h15,000 (€ 100)50,000 (€ 335)
from 21 to 25 km / h20,000 (€ 134)30,000 (€ 201)50,000 (€ 335)
from 26 to 30 km / h25,000 (€ 167)40,000 (€ 268)50,000 (€ 335)
from 31 to 35 km / h45,000 (€ 301)30,000 (€ 201)50,000 (€ 335)70,000 (€ 469)
from 36 to 40 km / h55,000 (€ 368)40,000 (€ 268)50,000 (€ 335)70,000 (€ 469)
from 41 to 45 km / h70,000 (€ 469)50,000 (€ 335)60,000 (€ 402)90,000 (€ 603)
from 46 to 50 km / hdish60,000 (€ 402)60,000 (€ 402)90,000 (€ 603)
from 51 km / hdishfrom 90,000 (603 €)from 80,000 (536 €)from 130,000 (871 €)

In cases where the drivers move at a speed significantly higher than the allowed speed (over 30 km / h in the 30 km / h range and over 50 km / h in other cases), your driver’s license may be temporarily suspended .

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded 95 gasoline and diesel are available in Iceland. Gas filling stations (LPG) are not available.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Traffic situation – 1777

Winter equipment

Winter tires

Winter and summer tires are allowed all year round. The tire requirements in winter or summer differ in the tread depth. In winter, the tread depth must be at least 3 mm.

Therefore, the use of winter tires (with a tread depth of at least 3 mm) is compulsory in Iceland from November 1st to April 14th (the timing may vary depending on the season).

spikes

Studded tires can be used from November 1st to April 14th. The local authorities can extend this period.

Anti-slip chains

Snow chains are allowed if the weather requires it.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

It is recommended that you equip your vehicles with a fire extinguisher, a first aid kit and a set of spare bulbs.

It is forbidden to drive outside the marked roads in order to protect flora and fauna.