Highways in Poland

The length of the public road network in Poland is 423,997 km. From these dirt roads – 292,134 km. The length of the motorways (  Autostrady  , marked with the letter A) is 1.706 km.

Toll roads

In Poland there is a road charge based on the distance traveled.

A1  motorway tariffs

A1 motorway in Poland

You have to take a ticket when entering the motorway. The ticket must be kept throughout the trip because it is used to pay for the distance traveled. If a voucher is missing, the driver has to pay the maximum amount depending on the vehicle category. Tariffs for 2020 (PLN)

 vehicleTariff (PLN)
Motorcycles,
2-axle vehicles
29.90 (6.60 €)
Vehicles with trailers,
vehicles with 2 axles, one of which has double wheels
71.00 (16 €)

You can pay for your trip in cash, with a debit or credit card. Cash is accepted in the following currencies – PLN, EUR and USD. Cash payments in foreign currency (EUR and USD) are only accepted in the form of banknotes with a face value of no more than 100. Changes are only issued in PLN.

A full list of tariffs  for all vehicles, including individual sections (253 Kb).

A2  motorway tariffs

The A2 motorway in Poland

Payment Konin – Rzepin

The  A2 motorway  comprises 4 toll sections:

  • Konin – Września
  • Września – Poznan
  • Poznan – Nowy Tomyśl
  • Nowy Tomyśl – Rzepin

Travel tariffs for 2020 (PLN):

 vehicleKonin – WrześniaWrześnia – PoznanPoznan – Nowy TomyślNowy Tomyśl – Rzepin
 Motorcycles and cars with 2 axles22.00 (4.90 €)22.00 (4.90 €)22.00 (4.90 €)18.00 (4.00 €)
Cars with 2 axles with trailers33.00 (7.30 €)33.00 (7.30 €)33.00 (7.30 €)40.00 (€ 8.90)

The last 18 km from Rzepin to the German border remain free.

The calculation of the fee is based on PLN 0.20 per 1 km for vehicles with a total weight of up to 3.5 tons. For all other categories, the calculation is based on PLN 0.38 per 1 km.

A full list of tariffs  for all vehicles (360 Kb).

Payment Stryków – Konin

This section of the highway is under the direction of the General Directorate of Republican Roads and Highways (GDDKiA).

From July 1, 2011, vehicles with a total mass of less than 3.5 tons and a capacity of less than 10 seats were loaded in the Stryków – Konin section. The toll system in this section differs from that in other sections of the  A2 motorway  .

You will need to take a ticket when entering this section. A fee will be charged upon exiting, depending on the type of vehicle and the number of kilometers traveled. Payment points on the motorway itself are only located at the beginning and at the end of the toll section. All intermediate points are located at the exit of the motorway, so you can drive through the entire section immediately.

The tariffs are calculated on the basis of PLN 0.05 / km for motorcycles and PLN 0.10 / km for vehicles with a total weight of less than 3.5 tons. The total length of this section is 99 km. Travel tariffs for 2020:

 vehicleTariff (PLN)
motorcycles5.00 (1.10 €)
Passenger cars with a total weight of less than 3.5 t9.90 (2.20 €)

You can pay for your trip in cash or by credit card (Visa, EuroCard, MasterCard). Cash is accepted in the following currencies – PLN (banknotes and coins) and EUR (banknotes only). Change is only issued in PLN.

A4  motorway tariffs

The A4 motorway in Poland

Payment Katowice – Krakow

The A4  Katowice – Krakow motorway  is toll free. There are 2 payment stations on this page. And the following payment is made at each station, that is, and in Mysłowice and Balice. Travel tariffs for 2020:

 vehicleTariff (PLN)
motorcycles6.00 (1.30 €)
Cars with 2 axles12.00 (2.70 €)
Cars with 2 axles with trailers20.00 (4.40 €)

A full list of tariffs  for all vehicles (102 Kb).

Payment Bielany Wrocławskie – Sośnica

From June 1, 2012,  toll collection was introduced on the  A4 Bielany Wroclawskie – Sosnica motorway section . This section is also under the direction of GDDKiA.

The tariffs are calculated on the basis of PLN 0.05 / km for motorcycles and PLN 0.10 / km for vehicles weighing less than 3.5 tons. The total length of this section is about 160 kilometers. Travel tariffs for 2020:

 Vehicle categoryTariff (PLN)
motorcycles8.10 (1.80 €)
Passenger cars with a total weight of less than 3.5 t16.20 (3.60 €)

At the same time, a section of the Kleszchov – Sosnica motorway (bypass around Gliwice) with a length of around 20 kilometers remains free for motorcycles and cars with a total weight of up to 3.5 tons.

You can pay for your trip in cash or by credit card (Visa, MasterCard, Maestro). Cash is accepted in the following currencies – PLN, EUR and USD. Cash payments in foreign currencies (EUR and USD) are only accepted in the form of banknotes. Change is only issued in PLN.

There are many more toll sections for cars with a total weight of more than 3.5 tons. The map below provides information on all of these sites.

Toll road map for Poland

Please note that drivers of vehicles with a maximum permissible weight of more than 3.5 t * that are on the toll road network operated by GDDKiA cannot pay in cash at payment points. The use of the viaTOLL  electronic toll system is  mandatory for these vehicles   .

* A car with a trailer with a gross vehicle weight rating of one  car and one trailer  over 3.5 tons.

Ecological zones

On August 29, 2018, changes to the Road Traffic Act came into force in Poland, according to which “ecologically clean zones” will appear in the country. This is because the Polish authorities want to restrict the entry of cars into the city center while looking for a way to promote “green cars”.

Only electric and natural gas vehicles can enter these zones free of charge. Owners of cars with gasoline and diesel engines have to pay 2.50 PLN (0.6 €) per hour or 25 PLN (6 €) per night in such an area. In the event of a violation, the fine is PLN 500 (€ 111).

Signs D-54 and D-55 are placed at the entrance and exit of such an area.

Signs of ecological zones in Poland

The right to create such zones in cities was transferred to the city authorities, the population of which is at least 100,000,000 inhabitants. The first city in which such a zone will be created can be Krakow. There are also discussions in Torun and Poznan.

Poland road map

Poland road map

Main traffic rules of Poland

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in Poland

Standard speed limits in Poland (unless otherwise stated on signs). Cars and Motorcycles:

  • in the village – 50 km / h (60 km / h from 11:00 pm to 6:00 am)
  • outside the settlement (one lane in each direction) – 90 km / h
  • outside the settlement (two lanes in each direction) – 100 km / h
  • on the road (one lane in each direction) – 100 km / h
  • on the road (two lanes in each direction) – 120 km / h
  • on the highway – 140 km / h

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h (60 km / h from 11:00 pm to 6:00 am)
  • outside the settlement (one lane in each direction) – 70 km / h
  • outside the settlement (two lanes in each direction) – 80 km / h
  • on the way – 80 km / h
  • on the highway – 80 km / h

The minimum speed on motorways is 40 km / h.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries.

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.2 ‰  .

If the blood alcohol level is in the range of 0.21 ‰ to 0.5 ‰, the fine is PLN 5,000 (€ 1.109) and the driving disqualification is from 3 to 15 years.

In the event of an accident, the fine will be at least PLN 10,000 (€ 2,217) and the money will be transferred to the people involved.

If the blood alcohol level exceeds 0.5 ‰, it is a criminal offense and the case will go to court with the possibility of immediate arrest.

Drivers who were caught driving while in the rush must install an “alcohol lock” (Alcoguard) in the car after the driver’s license has been restored. This device does not allow the car to be started if the alcohol content in the air exhaled by the driver is higher than 0.1 mg / dm  3  .

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

The low beam is required around the clock all year round.

During the day (from morning to evening) with normal visibility, the running lights can be used instead of the low beam.

Fog lights can only be used in fog or heavy rain. Rear fog lights can only be used if the visibility drops to 50 meters.

The fine is 100 PLN (22 €).

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under 150 cm must not be transported in the front seat without suitable child restraint systems that are suitable for their weight.

It is forbidden to transport children under 3 years of age in cars that are not equipped with seat belts. An exception is the transport of children in a taxi.

It is permitted to transport children in the back seat without a child seat, the height of which is at least 135 cm, provided the seat belts are correctly adjusted.

It is permitted to carry a third child in the rear seat at a central location in vehicles that are not suitable for the installation of a third seat, provided that the child is older than 3 years and can be fastened with seat belts. The other two children have to sit in child seats.

The fine is PLN 150 (€ 33).

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   .

It is forbidden to drive a motorcycle or ATV without a hard hat.

The fine is 100 PLN (22 €).

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion.

The fine is 200 PLN (€ 44).

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

Punish

Foreign citizens cannot be penalized with penalty points. The police officer writes a fine on the spot and issues the driver with the corresponding receipt (receipt). The amount of the fine is the same as for a Polish citizen.

In the event of non-payment on site (lack of cash or refusal to accept a fine), the case will be referred to the court of first instance. The driver can be arrested by the police up to the time of the legal proceedings.

Table of speeding penalties in Poland (PLN):

About speed
up to 10 km / h114 (25 €)57 (13 €)
from 11 to 20 km / h228 (51 €)114 (25 €)
from 21 to 30 km / h380 (84 €)190 (42 €)
from 31 to 40 km / h684 (152 €)342 (76 €)
from 41 to 50 km / h1,064 (€ 236)532 (118 €)
over 50 km / h1,520 (€ 337)760 (169 €)

If the speed limit in a settlement is exceeded by more than 50 km / h, a driver’s license is revoked for 3 months. The policeman can pick up the document immediately after the stop.

Be careful with the speed limit when   driving on the A2 (наwiecko) motorway  from Germany to Poland. Polish police officers are often stationed immediately after the bridge and measure the speed. The maximum speed on the bridge is 60 km / h and immediately after 40 km / h.

Fines for traffic violations in Poland:

violationFines (PLN)
Step on the dividing lane between lanes100 (22 €)
Violation of the permissible conditions for the use of fog lights100 (22 €)
Use of rear fog lights with sufficient visibility100 (22 €)
Overtaking from the wrong side or without observing a safety distance200 (44 €)
Cross a solid double line on the roadway200 (44 €)
Overtaking at and directly in front of pedestrian crossings200 (44 €)
Prevent a bus (trolleybus) from entering the street, giving a signal to change lanes or leaving the adjacent area on the street with a specific stop in the settlement200 (44 €)
Violation of overtaking rules by the driver250 (55 €)
Refusal to give way to another vehicle or other road user when entering the street300 (67 €)
Violation of the ban on overtaking at intersections300 (67 €)
Violation of the prohibition to turn at high speed on the highway or road300 (67 €)
Reversing on a freeway or road at higher speeds300 (67 €)
Driver violation of the prohibition to enter an intersection if there is no space on it or behind it to continue300 (67 €)
Increasing the speed of the driver of the vehicle being overtaken350 (78 €)
The driver’s refusal to give way to pedestrians at the pedestrian crossing350 (78 €)
Parking in the wrong place400 (89 €)
Avoiding a vehicle that was moving in the same direction but stopped to make way for a pedestrian500 (111 €)
Parking in places for people with disabilities800 (€ 177)

If the number of passengers carried exceeds at least 3 people than indicated in the technical passport, the driver is threatened with deprivation of the right to drive a vehicle for 3 months.

Useful information

petrol

1.16 1.20 1.14 0.52 on May 23, 2021

Unleaded petrol (95 and 98) and diesel are available in Poland. There is no such thing as leaded gasoline. Gas filling stations (LPG) are available.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Police – 997
  • Fire Department – 998
  • Ambulance – 999

Compulsory equipment

  • Warning triangle  – mandatory for all vehicles with more than 2 wheels
  • Fire extinguisher

Requirements for equipment that must be present in the car in various European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

The use of winter tires in Poland is optional.

spikes

The use of studded tires is  prohibited  .

Anti-slip chains

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended hardware

It is recommended that you have a first aid kit, reflective vest, and a set of spare lamps in your car.

It is forbidden to leave the car in the dark outside of populated areas without a reflective vest.

Using Radar detector forbidden  . It can only be transported in a car if it is packed.