Motorways in Romania

The length of the public road network in Romania is 86.391 km, of which 68.551 km are paved roads. The length of the motorways (  Autostrazi  ) is 912 km.

Toll roads

The use of national roads outside Romanian cities is only permitted after paying a toll. The amount of the fee depends on the vehicle category and the length of time the national roads are used.

On October 1, 2010, an electronic vignette issuing system ( rovinieta  ) came into force on the territory of Romania  .

Vignettes can be bought in large shopping centers, at Rompetrol, Petrom and OMV petrol stations as well as in every post office and UNTRR office.

When making a purchase, the driver informs the operator of the license plate of the vehicle for which he would like to buy a vignette, as well as the vehicle type and the period of validity of the vignette. The operator then enters the data into an electronic database (CESTRIN – Center for Technical Research) and issues a receipt or invoice. The data in the database is stored for the entire period of validity of the vignette.

You can  buy a vignette online from the current day on the  ROVINIETE website. Previously, it could be purchased no earlier than 30 days before the date of its validity. You can pay for the vignette by credit card or bank transfer.

ATTENTION! When paying in a foreign currency (not Romanian lei), the order will only be executed after the money has been received in the Scala Assistance bank account. The process can take up to 72 hours. For the urgent issue of a road vignette, it is better to use payment with a bank card via the Internet.

Vignette costs

Vignette costs (EUR) for 2021:

Vehicle type1 day7 days30 days90 days1 year
—–3 €7 €13 €28 €
—–6 €16 €36 €96 €
4 €16 €32 €92 €€ 320

No vignette for 1 day is provided for vehicles with a total weight of less than 3.5 tons.

This means that the minimum period for which you can buy a vignette for a car is 7 days. Even if you only need 1 day to travel.

A motorcycle vignette is not required in Romania.

Control of travel on national roads

Monitoring takes place either automatically at fixed locations where the system’s cameras are installed, or in motion by authorized officers.

Authorized officers – a crew of police officers, ARR (Romanian Road Service) and CNADNR (Romanian National Roads Company) – perform mobile terminal (PAD) control.

Unauthorized driving on motorways

A fine will be levied for the lack of a vignette and additional compensation for road damage. Penalty for unauthorized travel and road damage:

Vehicle typePenalty (RON)Compensation (EUR)
minimumMaximum
Passenger cars with a maximum gross weight of up to 3.5 t250 (51 €)500 (101 €)28 €
Van or minibus with a maximum gross weight of up to 3.5 t750 (152 €)1,250 (€ 254)96 €
A truck with a maximum gross weight over 3.5 t and up to 7.5 t as well as buses with up to 23 seats1,250 (€ 254)1,750 (€ 355)€ 320

Frequently asked questions about vignettes

Where can I get a fine for an invalid vignette?

The driver can be fined both when driving on national roads in Romania and at checkpoints when crossing the state border when leaving Romania.

How long does a vignette last?

The period of validity of the vignette begins at the zero hour specified in the application and ends at midnight on the last day of the period for which the payment was made.

What should I do if my vignette is valid but I have received a fine?

You can file a complaint within 15 days from the date the crime report was submitted. The complaint is submitted to the court under whose jurisdiction the crime was committed (unless a different region is specified in the crime report).

If I paid a fine after the violation, do I have to buy a vignette?

Yes need.

I have received multiple infringement reports issued for the same vehicle but with different dates for the infringement. Do I have to pay a fine for all violations?

Yes they should.

Land with special payment

You have to pay for the journey across the Danube bridge between Giurgiu (Romania) – Ruse (Bulgaria) and Calafat (Romania) – Vidin (Bulgaria) as well as the ferry between Silistra (Bulgaria) / Calarasi (Romania) and Magurele (Romania). Nikopol (Bulgaria).

Bridges over the Danube

The bridge between the cities of Giurgiu – Ruse was built in 1954 and is 2.223 m long, and for a long time it was the only bridge between Romania and Bulgaria.

Ruse Giurgiu Bridge

Coordinates of the bridge Ruse (Bulgaria) – Giurgiu (Romania):  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

In June 2013 a second bridge was opened between the cities of Vidin – Calafat. It has a length of 1,971 m. In contrast to the old bridge, this bridge has 2 lanes for cars in each direction as well as bicycle and pedestrian paths.

Vidin-Calafat Bridge

Bridge coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

Vehicle typeGiurgiu trickCalafat – Vidin
motorcycle—–—–
Vehicle with 8 + 1 seats (including driver) / private car3 €6 €
Freight vehicles with a maximum permissible total weight of up to 3.5 t6 €6 €
Freight vehicles, including a trailer,
3.5-7.5 t
€ 12€ 12
Vehicle with 9 to 23 seats (including driver)€ 12€ 12

In addition, travel on bridges between the cities of Giurgieni / Vadul Oii and Fetesti / Cernavoda has to be paid for in Romania.

Giurgieni-Vadul Oii bridge
Fetesti-Cernavoda Bridge

Coordinates of the Giurgieni – Vadul Oii bridge:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .
Coordinates of the Fetesti-Cernavoda Bridge:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Prices for 2021 (ROZ):

Vehicle typeGiurgieni / Vadul OiiFetesti / Cernavoda
motorcycle
Vehicle with trailer up to 3.5 t11 (€ 2.2)13 (€ 2.6)
Vehicle with trailer
from 3.5 to 12 t
26 (5 €)47 (€ 10)

The fees for the Giurgieni – Vadul Oii bridge are only charged in local RON currency.

On the Fetesti – Cernavoda bridge, payment is also made in RON, but it is possible to pay by credit card. Cash is only accepted in one of the 4 gates.

You can also pay for the trip electronically on the website  www.taxadepod.ro   . It is possible to pay for several trips at the same time – 1, 2 or 20. The payment is valid for 12 months.

The toll on these bridges for motorcycles has been abolished due to the very small number of bridges.

Ferries across the Danube

There is no strict timetable for ferries crossing the Danube. At peak times, ferries can leave when they are being refilled.

Bechet-Oryakhovo ferry

Ferry schedule

The  Silistra – Calarasi ferry  operates all year round from 05:00 to 24:00. In heavy traffic, e.g. B. in the summer months, additional ferries can operate and depart when they are full. The journey takes about 12-15 minutes.

The ferry  Nikopol – Turnu Magurele  has had the following timetable since 2017:

Turnu Magurele – NikopolNikopol – Turnu Magurele
08.0008.00
12:00 p.m.12:00 p.m.
4 p.m.4 p.m.
7.30 p.m.7.30 p.m.

The journey takes about 30 minutes. Ferries at 12:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. are optional and only available subject to availability.

The ferries on the  Oryahovo – Bechet  line operate around the clock and run every 2 hours. From Bulgaria at even times (10:00, 12:00 etc.), from Romania at odd times (11:00, 13:00 etc.).

The Svishtov – Zimnicea ferry   operates from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. and leaves every 1.5 hours. The journey takes about 15 minutes.

Ferry tariffs for 2021

Vehicle typeSilistra – CalarasiNikopol – Turnu MagureleOryakhovo – BechetSvishtov – Zimnicea
motorcycle€ 21 €€ 23 €
Vehicle with a total weight of
up to 3.5 t
8 €10 €€ 124 €
A car with a trailer with a total weight of up to 3.5 t15 €15 €20 €8 €
minibus25 €30 €30 €8 €

Parking in Romania

Parking machines are not yet widespread in Romanian cities. As a rule, the payment is collected from the employees of the parking garages. The parking costs are between 0.5 and 1.5 euros per hour. A receipt will be issued upon payment.

In Bucharest in particular, parking is a problem due to the lack of parking spaces. It is recommended to park cars in the guarded parking lots of the hotels.

Romanian toll road map

Romania road map

Basic traffic rules in Romania

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in Romania

Standard speed limits in Romania (unless otherwise stated on the signs). Cars:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 100 km / h
  • on the highway – 130 km / h

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the highway – 120 km / h

Motorhomes with a total weight of over 3.5 t:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the highway – 110 km / h

On some road sections within cities, category A and B vehicles may have higher speed limits, but not more than 80 km / h.

Despite the fact that the speed limit outside of settlements is set  at 100 km / h  , this only applies to roads that have the status of national expressways or European roads (  E85  ). A limit of 90 km / h is set for other roads outside of settlements.

For drivers with less than 1 year of experience, the maximum speed is 20 km / h below the maximum permissible speed of vehicles in this category.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries.

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.00 ‰  .

If the blood alcohol level is less than 0.8 ‰, the fine will be between RON 1,305 and RON 2,900 (€ 265-588) and driving license revocation up to 90 days.

If the blood alcohol level exceeds 0.8 ‰, the driver faces a prison sentence of 1 to 5 years.

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

The low beam is required around the clock all year round. If you drive without the low beam or if the high beam is used incorrectly, the fine will be RON 290 (€ 59).

The use of fog lights without fog will result in a fine of 435 RON (€ 88).

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under 3 years of age are only allowed to travel if they use child restraint systems that are suitable for their weight.

Children over 3 years and under 150 cm are not allowed to drive in the front seats, even if the appropriate restraint systems are used.

For transporting children under 12 years of age in the front seat – a fine of RON 435 (€ 88).

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   .

The fine is RON 290 (€ 59).

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion. And any other mobile device that is equipped with the function for recording or playing back text, photos or videos.

tint

The degree of light transmission of the glass must comply with UNECE regulation No. 43 “Uniform provisions for safe glazing materials and their installation in vehicles” – for windshields 75%, for side windows 70%.

Only factory tinting or manufacture in a certified center is permitted.

The fine is 1.305 RON (€ 265).

Punish

In Romania, a certain number of penalty points are awarded for traffic violations. Each penalty point is valued at RON 145 (€ 29).

Fines should not be paid directly to the police officer at the site of the offense. Drivers can pay 50% of the fine within 15 days of receiving the log. Table of penalties for traffic violations in Romania:

violationPenalties (RON)
No signal is given before a movement is started, the lane is changed, turned, turned or stopped290 (59 €)
Driving a vehicle whose license plate number is damaged, dirty, or covered in ice or snow, which prevents it from being identified290 (59 €)
Past a yellow traffic light435 (€ 88)
Parking violation435 (€ 88)
Refusal to provide legal documents at the request of a police officer580 (118 €)
Passage at a red light725 (147 €)
Failure to comply with the requirement to give way to pedestrians using traffic725 (147 €)
Violation of the driving rules by level crossings870 (176 €)
Exit an intersection in the event of a congestion that forced the driver to stop, creating an obstacle to the vehicle’s sideways movement870 (176 €)
Violation of the overtaking rules870 (176 €)
Violation of the rules for towing vehicles1,305 (€ 265)
Alarm siren operation for more than 1 minute1,305 (€ 265)

Over speeding in Romania:

About speedPenalties (RON)
from 10 to 20 km / h290 (59 €)
from 21 to 30 km / h435 (€ 88)
from 31 to 40 km / h580 (118 €)
from 41 to 50 km / h870 (176 €)
over 50 km / h1,305 (€ 265)

If the speed is exceeded by more than 50 km / h, in addition to the fine, the rights are withdrawn, which can only be returned in court. Temporary permission is given to travel to the court.

 Romanian Road Traffic Regulations in Romanian (666 Kb).

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded petrol (95 and 98) and diesel are available in Romania. Petrol stations (LPG) are available.

Changes compared to the previous period are displayed. Update every two weeks.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • First aid kit
  • Emergency stop sign  – Two signs are required according to Romanian traffic rules
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Reflective Vest  – Anyone leaving a vehicle outside of populated areas must wear a reflective vest

In the absence of any of the above devices – a fine of 580 RON (€ 118)

Requirements for equipment that must be present in the car in various European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

Since 2011, it has been forbidden in Romania from November 1st to March 31st to drive a car equipped with summer tires in suitable weather conditions (mud, snow, ice on the road). Winter tires are tires that are marked with one of the symbols “M + S”, “MS”, “MS” or “M & S”.

In case of violation – a fine of 1,305 to 2,900 RON (€ 265-588).

spikes

The use of studded tires is  prohibited  .

Anti-slip chains

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

Using Radar detectornot prohibited by law. According to the traffic rules, the driver can use his own means of recognizing the devices in order to measure the speed.

Use at the same timeAnti-radar is prohibited  and is punished with a fine of 1,305 to 2,900 RON (€ 265-588).