Motorways in Slovakia

The public road network in Slovakia is 43,761 km, of which 38,085 km are paved roads. The length of the motorways is 496 km.

Toll roads

The electronic vignette came into force on January 1st, 2016!
The paper sticker vignette is no longer used.

A fee (electronic vignette) is charged for the use of limited sections of motorways and expressways in Slovakia by motor vehicles from abroad.

The amount of the fee depends on the length of time the motorways are used, regardless of the distance traveled or the number of passes. Motorways that are not allowed to drive without a vignette are marked with the appropriate sign “  s úhradou  ”.

Where can I buy an electronic vignette in Slovakia?

The electronic vignette can be purchased via the  internet portal   or via the eznamka mobile app.

In addition, an e-vignette can be purchased at points of sale marked with the “e-vignette” (“eznámka”), at border control points that are open 24 hours a day or at individual petrol stations.

Vignette costs

There are three types of vignette in Slovakia – for 10 days, for 1 month and for 1 year. The cost of a vignette is 10 days less than a similar vignette in the Czech Republic or Slovenia, but more than in Austria.

The cost of a vignette for cars weighing up to 3.5 tons and trailers for 2021:

vehicle10 days1 month1 year  *
10 €14 €50 €
20 €28 €100 €

* – In addition to the 1-year vignette, a 365-day vignette was introduced from February 1, 2020. The costs correspond to those of a 1-year vignette.

For vehicles with a trailer with a total mass of over 3.5 tons, 2 vignettes are required – one for the car and one for the trailer.

There are no motorway tolls for motorcycles.

Vehicles with a total mass of over 3.5 tons (without trailer) also pay  electronically   . However, you need to install an integrated device.

Toll road map

Map of Toll Roads in Slovakia 2021

All vehicles with a gross weight of up to 3.5 t (according to the vehicle registration document) must have a valid vignette in order to be able to drive on the orange sections of motorways and expressways.

Detailed toll card in Slovakia  (1.3 Mb)

List of motorway and expressway sections to be paid for

Restricted sections of motorways and expressways, which are marked with appropriate traffic signs, can only be used after paying for a vignette. These are limited sections of the D1, D2, D3 and D4 motorways and the R1, R1A, R2, R4 and R6 expressways

 Place of entry / exitSection length
D1Bratislava, Vajnory – Hričovské Podhradie173 km
Dubná Skala – Turany17 km
Ivachnová – Prešov, Západ143 km
Prešov, Petrovany – Bidovce35 km
D2Brodské (SK / CZ) – Bratislava, Lamač55 km
Bratislava, Jarovce – ovounovo (SK / HU)9 km
D3Hričovské Podhradie – Žilina, Brodno12 km
Skalité – Svrčinovec15 km
D4Jarovce (SK / AT) – Bratislava, Jarovce2 km
R1Trnava – Banská Bystrica, Kremnička158 km
R1ANitra západ – Nitra, Kynek2 km
R2Lovčica, Trubín – Žiar nad Hronom5 km
Zvolen, Západ – Zvolen, center3 km
Zvolen, Východ – Kriváň18 km
R4Košice, Juh – Milhosť (SK / HU)15 km
R6Púchov, Juh – Dolné Kočkovce0.6 miles

Validity of the vignette

An electronic vignette is valid for a certain period of time, regardless of the distance traveled or the number of passes.

10-day vignette –  grants the right to drive on motorways for 10 consecutive calendar days from the date specified by the customer.

1-month vignette –  entitles you to drive on motorways for 30 consecutive calendar days from the date specified by the customer.

1-year vignette –  grants the right to drive on motorways from January 1 of the current calendar year (or from the date of payment by the customer in the current calendar year) to January 31 of the next calendar year.

365-day vignette –  entitles you to use motorways for 365 days from the date that the user specified as the start of validity when purchasing this type of motorway vignette .

Here you can see what vignettes looked like in Slovakia and what costs they had in recent years.

In Slovakia, the toll motorway network is not yet very large and some small sections can be bypassed on free roads without wasting time.

The advantage of the e-vignette in Slovakia

  • It is not necessary to put a vignette in the car  because the vignette is only submitted electronically.
  • A confirmation of the vignette payment is not required
  • offers more convenient conditions for the purchase of vignettes  – the possibility to pay for a vignette at any time and from any place via the Internet or to check its validity;
  • eliminates the risk of buying the wrong vignette  – switching from a printed form to an exclusively electronic form of a vignette;
  • will limit interruptions in the availability of vignettes in the distribution network  – the electronic vignette will always be available and never be sold out;
  • Email notification  – upon purchase and upon expiry.

FAQ – Frequently asked questions about the Slovak vignette

In what format do I have to enter the license plate when paying for an electronic vignette?

When paying an electronic vignette has the state license plate (GRZ)  without spaces or hyphens  entered  be  .

In what format should I enter a phone number when paying for an electronic vignette?

The phone number must be entered in international format: +79631234567.

What if I immediately enter a toll road section in Slovakia?

If you look at the map of toll sections, you can see that some highways are subject to tolls immediately after crossing the Slovak border. These are the highways  D2  (entry from the Czech Republic on the one hand and from Hungary on the other hand) and  D4  (entry from Austria).

In these cases, it is recommended to buy a vignette at the first petrol station or rest stop immediately after crossing the border. From travel practice, the vignettes are checked after entering Slovakia only after the place where they can be purchased.

At the same time, it is quite common to check the presence of vignettes at the border when leaving Slovakia.

The toll road section  R4  (entry from Hungary) begins immediately after crossing the border. However, you can continue the route in the direction of Kosice on the free road  17  .

Do I need a separate vignette for trailers in Slovakia?

If the total mass of the road train (car + trailer) exceeds 3.5 tons, a separate vignette must be purchased for trailers.

If the total mass of the road train (car + trailer) is less than 3.5 tons,  you do not need to  buy a vignette for the trailer.

Vignette for vehicles up to 3.5 tons

* The maximum permissible total mass of the vehicle and the maximum permissible mass of the road are determined in accordance with the vehicle registration certificate.

For which roads in Slovakia is a vignette required?

Motorways that are not allowed to drive without a vignette are marked with appropriate signs – “s úhradou”.

Highway toll sign in Slovakia

What is the penalty for not having a vignette in Slovakia?

A fine of 10 to 50 times the cost of a vignette for one month (from € 140 to € 700) will be imposed for the lack of a vignette.

Will I be informed somehow about the expiry of the e-vignette?

The customer will be informed of the expiry of the e-vignette three days before the expiry date if he has given at least one of the contact details (email address, telephone number) during payment.

The contact details given when paying for the e-vignette (e-mail address, telephone number) will be sent by SMS / e-mail with information on the expiry of the e-vignette.

Parking in Slovakia

Parking in the city center is only possible in certain areas. Parking permits are used in large cities. They must be placed in a visible place in the vehicle and sold in newsagents or tobacco shops. When parking on the sidewalk, there must be at least 1.5 m of free space.

In the center of Bratislava on the streets parking is paid from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Parking is paid for with special cards. The cost of such a card is € 0.70 and is valid for 1 hour.

The historic center of Bratislava has large garages and an underground car park. The cost of parking in such garages is € 1.00 for 30 minutes.

The city has introduced a new parking management system that uses information from parking lots and garages to show which parking spaces are free and which are currently occupied. These information tables are located on the main streets of the city. For Bratislava you can find this information on the website:  www.parkovanieba.sk 

Parking cars in prohibited areas can result in the vehicle being blocked or towed. In the first case the fine is € 65 and in the second case it is € 225.

Road map of Slovakia

Road map of Slovakia

Basic traffic rules in Slovakia

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in Slovakia

Standard speed limits in Slovakia (unless otherwise stated on the signs). Cars, motorcycles and cars with trailers (less than 3.5 t):

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the road or on the highway in the area of ​​the settlement – 90 km / h
  • on the highway – 130 km / h

Cars with trailers (over 3.5 t):

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the way – 90 km / h
  • on the highway – 90 km / h

The minimum permitted speed on the motorway is 80 km / h and in residential areas 65 km / h. Failure to comply – a fine of € 60.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries.

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.0 ‰  .

If the alcohol content in the blood exceeds the permissible level, the fine starts at 230 €.

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

The low beam is required around the clock all year round.

Fine of € 20 to € 50.

Use of fog lights without fog – € 30.

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under 12 years and under 150 cm are not allowed to drive in the front seats. You are only allowed to drive in the rear seats of the vehicle with special precautions.

The fine is € 60.

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   .

The fine is € 50 for each passenger who is not seated.

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion.

The fine is € 60.

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

tint

The light transmission of the windshield must be at least 75% and the front side windows at least 70%.

On the top of the windshield, a strip with a width of not more than 100 mm, the degree of light transmittance of which is at least 50%, is allowed.

In the case of rear windows, the degree of light transmission is not regulated if the vehicle is equipped with rear-view mirrors.

The fine is € 60.

Punish

The fine can be paid directly to the police officer who issued the receipt.

Parking on the sidewalk in historic city centers is prohibited, even if pedestrians have a free passage of 1.5 meters.

Table of penalties for traffic violations:

violationFines (EUR)
Failure to give priority rights to pedestrians at a pedestrian crossing when they have already begun to move150 €
Creating obstacles to overtaking30 €
Sudden decrease in speed or stop when the traffic situation does not require it60 €
Use derogatory gestures and obscene language towards other road users30 €
Throwing trash out of the car60 €
Driving on the side of the road, except to stop or avoid obstacles150 €
Failure to follow traffic rules in order to give a signal before changing lanes50 €
Failure to follow traffic rules to issue a signal before turning or turning60 €
Go in the left lane on a road with two or more lanes in the same direction with a vacant right60 €
Overtaking a vehicle was prohibited150 €
Passage at a red light150 €
Unauthorized use of sound and light warning signals30 €
Threat to other road users when reversing60 €
Motorcycling without a helmet (even for one passenger)60 €
It is forbidden to eat, drink and smoke while riding a motorcycle (even for a passenger).60 €
Violation of the driving rules through a level crossing150 €
Stopping and parking on the motorway, except in specially designated areas60 €
Driving in a vehicle that has not been cleared of ice or snow60 €

Passenger cars should now follow every 2 seconds. This means that the distance between them must be such that it takes 2 seconds to overcome it at a certain speed.

At a speed of 90 km / h this is 50 m, at a speed of 110 km / h – 61 m and at a speed of 130 km / h – 72 m. Speeding Penalty Table:

About speed
6-9 km / h20 €
10-14 km / h40 €20 €
15-19 km / h50 €40 €
20-24 km / h90 €40 €
25-29 km / h140 €60 €
30-34 km / h€ 200130 €
35-39 km / h€ 280€ 200
40-44 km / h360 €300 €
45-49 km / h€ 440€ 400
50-54 km / h€ 540500 €
55-59 km / h€ 650
from 60 km / h and moreadministrative responsibility

Traffic rules of Slovakia  in Slovak language (620 Kb). Table of penalties for  traffic violations  in  Slovakia  in Slovak language (293 Kb).

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded petrol (95 and 98) and diesel (  NAFTA  ) are available in Slovakia. There is no such thing as leaded gasoline.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Fire and Rescue Service – 112
  • Police – 112
  • Ambulance – 16 155
  • Emergency and ambulance system on the streets – 18 124
  • Mountain rescue service – 18,300

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • First aid kit;
  • Warning triangle  – optional for motorcycles;
  • Reflective Vest  – A reflective vest is a must have for anyone who gets out of their car day or night during a stop or accident on the highway. The vest must be placed within reach of the driver. This rule also applies to motorcyclists. Fine – 150 €;
  •  Spare wheel – including jack and wheel wrench. The lack of a spare wheel is permissible in the case of run-flat tires or a set for gluing a wheel with a compressor.

The fine for missing one of the mandatory items of equipment (with the exception of a safety vest) is € 60.

Requirements for equipment that must be present in the car in various European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

From November 15 to March 31, vehicles with a total weight of up to 3.5 tons must be equipped with winter tires under suitable weather conditions (presence of a continuous layer of snow or ice on the road).

Winter tires must be marked with “M + S”, “MS” or “M & S” and have a minimum tread depth of 3 mm. All wheels must be equipped with winter tires.

For vehicles with a total mass of over 3.5 tons during this period, winter tires are always required regardless of the presence of snow or ice on the roads. The drive axle must be equipped with winter tires.

spikes

The use of studded tires is  prohibited  .

Anti-slip chains

Snow chains should only be used when there is enough snow to avoid damaging the road surface.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

It is recommended that the vehicle have a set of spare bulbs, spare fuses (one for each type used) and a tow rope.

LPG vehicles must have the appropriate “LPG” sign.

It is not recommended to place the navigation device in the center of the windshield so as not to obstruct the driver’s view.

Using Radar detector forbidden  . The fine is € 150.

It is forbidden to transport it even when it is turned off. If found, a fine of € 100.