Motorways in Switzerland

The public road network in Switzerland is 71,454 km. The length of the motorways is 1,824 km. In addition, Switzerland has around 220 tunnels with a total length of around 200 km.

Toll roads

According to Article 86 of the Constitution, there are toll roads in Switzerland   . The tax is levied on vehicles and trailers for the use of national roads (vignette). In addition, the tolls for some tunnels are calculated separately.

Vignette costs

For cars with a total weight of up to 3.5 tons (cars, vans, motorcycles, etc.) there is only one type of vignette that is valid for 14 months – from December 1 of the previous year to January 31 of the following year.

The costs for the vignette in 2021 have not changed compared to 2020 and amount to CHF 40 (€ 36).

Switzerland vignette 2021

According to the decision of the Swiss authorities, the fine for not having a vignette has doubled since December 1, 2011 and amounts to CHF 200 (€ 182). In this case, a vignette must be purchased immediately. The presence of a vignette can be checked by the police and customs officers.

Read more about where you can buy a vignette and how they attached  is  .

Land with special payment

In Switzerland, there are separate fees for journeys through several tunnels.

Great St. Bernard tunnel

Great St. Bernard Tunnel connects the Valais canton in Switzerland with the Aosta Valley in Italy. Great St. Bernard Tunnel is 5,798 m long, of which 1,602 m in Italy and 4,196 m in Switzerland.

Great St. Bernard Tunnel in Switzerland

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021:

 vehicleDisposableRound trip within 30 daysFor 10 trips
Motorcycles with or without a sidecarEUR 16.50
CHF 17.50
EUR 22.10
CHF 23.50
EUR 112.00
CHF 118.50
Passenger cars with 2 or more axles, a height in the area of ​​the front axle of less than 1.3 m and a total height of not more than 2 mEUR 27.80
CHF 29.50
EUR 44.60
CHF 47.30
EUR 112.00
CHF 118.50
Cars, minibuses and vans with 2 or more axles with a total height of more than 2 m and not more than 3 mEUR 43.40
CHF 46.00
EUR 69.30
CHF 73.50
EUR 260.50
CHF 276.00

Payment can be made in cash or by credit and debit cards.

More information Drive through Great St. Bernard.

Munt la Schera tunnel

The Munt la Schera tunnel connects the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland with the Livigno valley in Italy. The Munt la Schera tunnel has a length of 3.385 m.

The tunnel has only one lane (maximum width 2.5 m). Therefore, a backward movement is organized in the tunnel, which is controlled by traffic lights. There is a change of direction every 20 minutes.

The tunnel has been in operation around the clock since January 1, 2010.

Munt la Schera tunnel in Switzerland

Tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2021 (from December 1st, 2020 to April 30th, 2021):

vehiclePayment methodDisposableRound trip
motorcycleson siteCHF 13.00
(EUR 12)
CHF 20.00
(EUR 18)
E-ticketCHF 11.00
(EUR 10)
CHF 17.00
(EUR 15)
Cars and minibuses with up to 9 seats up to 3.5 t, including trailers

(Sunday – Friday)
on siteCHF 25.00
(EUR 23)
CHF 42.00
(EUR 38)
E-ticketCHF 20.00
(EUR 18)
CHF 35.00
(EUR 32)
Cars and minibuses with up to 9 seats up to 3.5 t, including trailers

(Saturday)
on siteCHF 35.00
(EUR 32)
CHF 50.00
(EUR 45)
E-ticketCHF 29.00
(EUR 26)
CHF 42.00
(EUR 38)
RVson siteCHF 25.00
(EUR 23)
CHF 44.00
(EUR 40)
E-ticketCHF 23.00
(EUR 21)
CHF 41.00
(EUR 37)
Minibuses from 10 to 19 seatson siteCHF 34.00
(EUR 31)
– –

Payment for the trip is made in cash (EUR and CHF) or by credit card.

More information about the passage through the Munt la Schera tunnel.

Parking in Switzerland

In Switzerland there are very strict fines for parking violations.

Street parking spaces are divided into differently colored zones:

  • White zone – free parking for unlimited time (if not equipped with parking meters)
  • Blue zone – for drivers with blue discs (bought from police stations, tourist offices and banks). The parking start time is set on the hard disk. Provides free parking for up to 90 minutes.
  • Red zone – for drivers with a red disk (bought from police stations, tourist offices and banks). Offers 15 hours of free parking.
  • Yellow zone – parking is prohibited

Parking machines are installed in many streets. Some offer free parking at lunchtime and at night.

On the outskirts of the cities there are parking spaces of the  Park & ​​Ride system  . They are located next to tram and bus stops.

Underground parking is more expensive than other parking options, but is generally more convenient and safer. A voucher will be taken at the entrance and paid for at the booth before returning to the car. It is forbidden to drive to the payment counter.

Parking violation – fine of CHF 40 to 120 (€ 36-109).

Parking disc

Parking disc in Switzerland

The parking disc must be at least 11 cm wide and 15 cm long. On the front there is a parking sign against a blue background and a sector with a clock with a division of up to half an hour.

The back contains instructions on how to use the parking disc.

The arrival time must be set on the clock on the parking disc.

The following table contains a description of the time that you have to set on the parking meter depending on the arrival time and up to what time parking is permitted in this case.

Actual arrival timeAdjustable arrival timeDeparture time
08.00 – 08.2908.3009.30
8.30 – 08.5909.0010.00
————————–
11.00 a.m. – 11.29 a.m.11.30 a.m.12.30 p.m.
11.30 a.m. – 1.29 p.m.exact time2.30 p.m.
1.30pm – 1.59pm2 p.m.3 p.m.
————————–
5:30 p.m. – 5:59 p.m.6 p.m.7 p.m.
18.00 – 07.59exact time09.00

The time does not have to be set on the parking disc between 7:00 p.m. and 7:59 a.m. if the vehicle leaves the parking lot before 8:00 a.m.

This schedule applies on weekdays as well as weekends and holidays, unless otherwise stated.

Fines for exceeding the permitted parking time:

  • up to 2 hours – CHF 40 (€ 36);
  • 2 to 4 hours – CHF 60 (€ 55);
  • 4 to 10 hours – CHF 100 (€ 91).

Toll road map of Switzerland

Switzerland road map

Main traffic rules in Switzerland

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in Switzerland

Standard speed limits in Switzerland (unless otherwise stated on the signs). Cars and Motorcycles:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 80 km / h
  • on the way – 100 km / h
  • on the highway – 120 km / h

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 80 km / h
  • on the way – 80 km / h
  • on the highway – 80 km / h

The minimum speed on the motorway is 80 km / h.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries.

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.5 ‰  .

If the blood alcohol level is between 0.51 ‰ and 0.79 ‰, the fine is between CHF 600 and 800 (€ 545-727).

If the blood alcohol level exceeds 0.8 ‰, the fine is 10 daily rates, but not less than CHF 1,000 (€ 909), and the deprivation of the right to drive a vehicle for 3 months or more.

For young drivers with less than 1 year of experience, the permitted blood alcohol level is 0.1 ‰.

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

From January 1, 2014, the use of dipped headlights is compulsory during the day. Daytime running lights can be used instead of low beam.

Fine – CHF 40 (€ 36).

Low beam is still a must when driving through tunnels, even if they are well lit. In this case, it is not enough to only use daytime running lights.

Fine – CHF 60 (€ 55).

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under the age of 12 and under 150 cm are not allowed to drive in a car without special child restraint systems suitable for their weight. They must comply with the European safety standard ECE R44 / 03 or ECE R44 / 04.

Fine – CHF 60 (€ 55).

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   .

Fine – CHF 60 (€ 55).

Do not wear a hard hat when riding a motorcycle – CHF 60 (€ 55).

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion.

Fine – CHF 100 (€ 91).

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

tint

The light transmission of the windshield and the front side windows must be at least 70%.

On the top of the windshield, a strip is allowed, the width of which should be such that from a point at a height of 75 cm above the driver’s seat there is an object at a height of 4 m and at a distance of 12 m is clearly visible.

In the case of rear windows, the degree of light transmission is not regulated.

Punish

For some violations, the fine can be paid directly to the police officer who issued the receipt on the spot. Fines must be paid within 30 days. Table of sanctions for traffic violations in Switzerland:

violationFines (CHF)
Stop in the wrong place80 (73 €)
No complete stop before the stop sign60 (55 €)
Motorbike ride on the sidewalk100 (91 €)
Crossing a fixed scaffolding line100 (91 €)
Driving on the roadside140 (127 €)
Passage at a red light250 (227 €)
Pedestrians skip at a pedestrian crossing140 (127 €)
Parking with the engine running60 (55 €)
Misuse of fog lights40 (36 €)
Alarm abuse40 (36 €)
Driving with illegible license plates60 (55 €)

Speed ​​fines in Switzerland

When measuring the speed, the measurement error of the device and the speed at which it is measured are taken into account. The size of the error depends on the device type (subtracted from the measured value):

speedMeasurement error
Stationary laserStationary radarMobile radar
up to 100 km / h-3 km / h-5 km / h-10 km / h
101-150 km / h-4 km / h-6 km / h-10%
from 151 km / h-5 km / h-7 km / h-10%

The permissible speed in the zone of the “Residential zone” sign is 30 km / h.

Table of fines for exceeding the speed limit in Switzerland (CHF):

About speed
1-5 km / h40 (36 €)40 (36 €)40 (36 €)20 (18 €)
6-10 km / h120 (109 €)120 (109 €)100 (91 €)60 (55 €)
11-15 km / h250 (227 €)250 (227 €)160 (145 €)120 (109 €)
16-17 km / h400 (364 €)400 (364 €)240 (€ 218)180 (€ 164)
18-19 km / h600 (545 €)400 (364 €)240 (€ 218)180 (€ 164)
20 km / h30 x TS  *400 (364 €)240 (€ 218)180 (€ 164)
21-24 km / h30 x TS  *600 (545 €)400 (364 €)260 (236 €)
25 km / h50 x TS  *20 x TS  *400 (364 €)260 (236 €)
26-29 km / h50 x TS  *20 x TS  *600 (545 €)400 (364 €)
30 km / h90 x TS  *50 x TS  *20 x TS  *400 (364 €)
31-34 km / h90 x TS  *50 x TS  *20 x TS  *600 (545 €)
35-39 km / h120 x TS  *70 x TS  *30 x TS  *20 x TS  *
40-44 km / hfrom 1 year imprisonment120 x TS  *60 x TS  *30 x TS  *
45-49 km / hfrom 1 year imprisonment120 x TS  *90 x TS  *50 x TS  *
50-59 km / hfrom 1 year imprisonment120 x TS  *70 x TS  *
60-64 km / hfrom 1 year imprisonment90 x TS  *
65-79 km / hfrom 1 year imprisonment120 x TS  *
over 80 km / hfrom 1 year imprisonment

* TS (Daily Rates – Daily Rate) – salary for 1 day. It is calculated (roughly) as follows: 75% of the monthly salary divided by 30.

Speeding ticket for speeding in Switzerland

The illustration shows what a parking ticket looks like, and below is its decoding.

Speeding ticket for speeding in Switzerland

A.  Title – Speed ​​penalty (also known as “Ordungsbusse”). Below is a text that indicates the recognition method. In this case an automatic camera.
B.  Notice of Violations of Law.
C.  Vehicle Registration Number.
D.  Vehicle type (PW = passenger car, truck = commercial vehicle, etc.).
E.  Location of Violation.
F. Direction of  movement at the time of the violation.
G.  Measured speed.
H.  Subtracted error (in this case 3 km / h is a stationary laser).
I / J.  Speed ​​after deducting the error.
K.  Speed ​​limit in this section.
L. Exceeding the limit (for which a fine is imposed).
Teacher:  The amount of the fine.
N.  Text that says payments received within 30 days will not be recorded anywhere. If the fine is not paid on time, the case will automatically be referred to the court. Late payments will not be accepted and will be refunded.

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded (  “octane”  ) petrol (95 and 98) and diesel (  “gas oil”  ) are available in Switzerland. There is no such thing as leaded gasoline. There are a limited number of gas stations.

Changes compared to the previous period are displayed. Update every two weeks.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number (only with GSM) – 112
  • Police – 117
  • Fire Department – 118
  • Ambulance – 144 (not in all regions)
  • Traffic jams, state of roads and passes – 163

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • Warning triangle  – optional for motorcycles. Must be within range of the vehicle (not in the trunk).
  • First aid kit
  • Fire extinguishers  – optional for motorcycles.

Requirements for equipment that must be present in the car in various European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

The use of winter tires in Switzerland is optional. Vehicles that are not equipped with winter tires and thus hinder traffic can, however, be fined.

spikes

Studded tires are allowed from November 1st to April 30th. Studded tires must be fitted to all wheels. If studded tires are used outside of the permitted period – CHF 60 (€ 55) is fine.

The movement of vehicles with studded tires is prohibited on motorways and motorways with the exception of certain parts of the A2 and A13 motorways.

The maximum speed for vehicles with studded tires is 80 km / h. There must be an “80” sticker on the back of the vehicle. A fine of CHF 20 (€ 18) if absent.

Anti-slip chains

Snow chains are compulsory when there are signs. At least 2 drive wheels must be equipped with chains.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

In daylight and outside of built-up areas, drivers must sound a signal before sharp bends where visibility is restricted. And after dark, this warning should be given by flashing headlights.

The navigation software that provides the location of fixed-speed cameras must be disabled.

Using Radar detector forbidden  . It is forbidden to transport them in the car even when they are switched off. If found, the fine is CHF 660 (€ 600) and the device will be confiscated and destroyed.