Highways in Turkey

The length of the public road network in Turkey is 426,906 km, of which 177,550 km are paved roads. Length of the highways (  Otoyol  ) 3,060 km.

Toll roads

There is a fee for vehicles traveling on the motorways in Turkey, depending on the distance traveled. The amount of the fee depends on the vehicle category. Trips on bridges over the Bosporus are also paid for separately.

Vehicle categories

Cat.vehicledescription
one Vehicle with 2 axles and a distance between them of less than 3.20 m (motorcycles  *  , cars, pick-ups, minibuses)
2 Vehicle with 2 axles and a distance between them of more than 3.20 m (jeeps, vans, trucks and buses)
3 Vehicle with 3 axles (vehicles of classes 1 and 2 with trailers, trucks and buses)
6thMotorcycles (when using the HGS system, motorcycles are classified as 6)

Turkey toll highway map

https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1XHGl6J2N5dDTueUF0MntYtfE6LC0fmK4

Highway prices in Turkey

Tariffs for 2020 (TRY):

HighwayVehicle category
one236th
O-3  Edirne-Istanbul14.75 (1.40 €)16.75 (1.60 €)22.75 (€ 2.20)5.75 (0.60 €)
O-4  Istanbul-Ankara30.00 (2.90 €)34.50 (3.40 €)36.50 (3.60 €)12.00 (1.20 €)
O-5  Gebze-Izmir38.35 (€ 3.80)61.35 (€ 6.00)72.90 (€ 7.10)26.85 (2.60 €)
O-7  Kinali Izmit70.65 (€ 6.90)107.05 (€ 10)146.70 (€ 14)49.45 (4.80 €)
O-21  Nowhere-Adana17.00 (1.70 €)20.75 (€ 2.00)25.75 (€ 2.50)7.75 (0.80 €)
O-31  Izmir-Aydin6.00 (0.60 €)7.00 (0.70 €)10.00 (1.00 €)2.50 (0.20 €)
O-32  Izmir-Cesme4.50 (0.40 €)5.00 (€ 0.50)8.75 (€ 0.90)1.75 (€ 0.20)
O-33  Menemen-Shandarly24.20 (2.40 €)38.75 (€ 3.80)46.00 (4.50 €)6.05 (0.60 €)
O-51  Adana-Mersin3.50 (0.30 €)4.50 (0.40 €)7.75 (0.80 €)1.75 (€ 0.20)
O-52  Adana-Sanliurfa19.50 (1.90 €)21.00 (€ 2.10)25.50 (2.50 €)8.75 (€ 0.90)
O-53  Ceyhan-Iskenderun5.50 (€ 0.50)6.50 (0.60 €)9.00 (0.90 €)2.50 (0.20 €)

Land with special payment

https://www.google.com/maps/d/embed?mid=1JAJEELdddp9Ha3wjyBE9qJXlACbM-QWO

Istanbul bridges the Bosphorus

Bridges over the Bosphorus – Bosphorus Bridge (Boğaz Köprüsü) and Sultan Mehmet Fatih Bridge (Fatih Sultan Mehmet Köprüsü) – connect the European and Asian parts of Istanbul. Both bridges are road bridges. The length of the first bridge is 1,560 m, the second 1,510 m.

Bridges over the Bosphorus in Turkey

Coordinates of the Bosphorus Bridge:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

Coordinates of the Sultan Mehmed Fatih Bridge:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

The fees for both bridges are only charged in the direction from Europe to Asia. Please note that cash payments were excluded on the Bosphorus Bridge in 2006 and on the Sultan Mehmed Fatih Bridge in 2008. Tariffs for 2020:

vehicledescriptionTariff (TRY)
Motorcycles (only when using the HGS system)4.25 (0.40 €)
 Vehicle with 2 axles with a distance between them less than 3.20 m10.50 (1.00 €)
 Vehicle with 2 axles and a distance between them of more than 3.20 m13.50 (1.30 €)
 Vehicle with 3 axles29.50 (2.90 €)

Bridge of Sultan Selim the Terrible

The Bridge of Sultan Selim the Terrible (Yavuz Sultan Selim Köprüsü) is the third bridge over the Bosphorus. The hotel is located north of Istanbul. Has 4 lanes for cars in each direction (8 total). There are also two train tracks. The length of the bridge is 2,164 m. The height of the arch over the water is 64 m. It was opened to traffic on August 26, 2016.

Bridge of Sultan Selim the Terrible in Turkey

Coordinates of the bridge of Sultan Selim the Terrible:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

Tariffs for 2020:

vehicledescriptionTariff (TRY)
Motorcycles (only when using the HGS system)15.35 (1.50 €)
 Vehicle with 2 axles with a distance between them less than 3.20 m21.90 (€ 2.10)
 Vehicle with 2 axles and a distance between them of more than 3.20 m29.10 (2.80 €)
 Vehicle with 3 axles54.10 (5.30 €)

Osman Gazi Bridge

The Osman Gazi Bridge (Osman Gazi Köprüsü) is a suspension bridge over the Izmit Bay in the eastern part of the Marmara Sea. The hotel is located about 50 km southeast of Istanbul. Has 3 lanes for cars in each direction (6 total). The length of the bridge is 2,682 m. The height of the arch above the water is 64 m. It was opened to traffic on July 1, 2016.

Osman Gazi Bridge in Turkey

Coordinates of the Osman Gazi Bridge:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs for 2020:

vehicledescriptionTariff (TRY)
Motorcycles (only when using the HGS system)82.55 (€ 8.10)
 Vehicle with 2 axles with a distance between them less than 3.20 m117.90 (€ 12)
 Vehicle with 2 axles and a distance between them of more than 3.20 m188.65 (€ 18)
 Vehicle with 3 axles224.00 (22 €)

Tunnel Eurasia

The Eurasia Tunnel (Avrasya Tüneli) is an underwater road tunnel in Istanbul that crosses the Bosphorus and connects the Asian and European sides of the city.

Has 2 lanes for cars in each direction on different levels. The maximum speed in the tunnel is 70 km / h. The length of the tunnel is 5.4 km. Maximum depth – 106 m. Open to traffic on December 22, 2016.

Eurasia Tunnel in Turkey

Eurasia tunnel coordinates:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  . Tariffs from February 1, 2020:

vehicledescriptionTariff (TRY)
a wagon36.40 (3.60 €)
minibus54.70 (5.40 €)

It is forbidden to drive through the tunnel with motorcycles and cars with trailers!

Payment options

Most motorways require either an OGS proximity sensor or an HGS sticker to pay tolls.

At the same time, on some motorways there is still the option of conventional payment in cash or by card to the operator. But there are fewer such places. For example, there is no traditional toll on the O-3  Edirne-Istanbul motorway  .

The KGS system for paying for travel in Turkey existed until 2013. It has been replaced by the HGS system, which is cheaper to maintain and causes fewer traffic jams when passing through the payment gate.

It is planned that the HGS system will also replace the OGS system in the future.

Sticker (sticker) HGS

The HGS system, which translates as “Fast Toll System”, appeared for the first time in September 2012 and replaced the KGS system completely by January 2013.

The system uses radio frequency identification technology to operate, which enables the vehicle to no longer slow down when passing through the gates of payment points.

The HGS sticker is a small sticker that consists of two parts.

HGS sticker in Turkey

One part is mounted on the windshield behind the rearview mirror. The second part must be kept for the entire useful life of the HGS system.

Mounting the HGS sticker in a car

In contrast to the KGS system, when going through payment points, you no longer have to stop and apply the card to the reader. The payment is automatically debited from the account.

The HGS sticker can be purchased in the offices at the motorway exit / entrance, at any PTT post office and in the branches of Garanti or Isbank.

Post in Turkey

The minimum cost of a sticker is TRY 35 (€ 3), of which TRY 5.00 (€ 0) is the cost of the sticker itself and registration in the system, and TRY 30 (€ 3) is a loan for motorway tolls.

How do I know this will work?

When you approach the payment point, you must reduce your speed to the recommended speed (30 km / h) and only drive in the lane marked “HGS”. If you drive too fast or in a different lane, the scanner may not work and you will be fined. The scanner is on the left side of the street and looks like a camera.

HGS motorway lanes in Turkey
  • When the green light is on, it means the scanner has recognized the sticker and the amount to be debited is shown on the display.
  • If the light is yellow or red, the scanner cannot see the label. You keep driving anyway, but you need to check your balance as soon as possible.

If you have driven on a toll motorway without an HGS sticker, you have 7 days to buy it and use it to pay off your debt. In this case, no penalties will be imposed. After 7 days, the fine is 11 times the fare.

It is planned to control the payment of the fare using photo and video recording systems. How this will work with vehicles registered in other countries is not yet entirely clear. Alternatively, it is possible to transmit this data to border control points, but this is not yet available.

Automatic OGS system

When driving through the corresponding lane, the system automatically reads data from the device (transponder) installed in the vehicle.

Payment office in Turkey OGS

The recommended speed for driving in this lane is no more than 30 km / h. You can buy a transponder from the following banks: Ziraat Bankası, Vakıfbank, İş Bankası, Denizbank, Garanti Bankası. The cost is TRY 40 (€ 4).

Parking in Turkey

There are no temporary parking spaces in Turkey. Inspectors monitor streets and collect parking fees. Most cities have garages and public parking lots.

There is a lack of parking spaces in the central areas of large cities such as Istanbul, Izmir and Ankara.

The penalty for parking in the wrong place is TRY 108 (€ 11).

Violation of parking rules in areas for vehicles with disabilities – TRY 216 (€ 21).

Turkey road map

Turkey road map

 Road map of Turkey  in JPEG format (5.6 MB).

The main traffic rules in Turkey

Speed ​​limit

Speed ​​limits in Turkey

Standard speed limits in Turkey (unless otherwise stated on signs). Cars:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 90 km / h
  • on the way – 110 km / h
  • on the highway – 120 km / h

Cars with trailers:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 80 km / h
  • en route – 85 km / h
  • on the highway – 90 km / h

Motorcycles:

  • in the village – 50 km / h
  • outside the village – 80 km / h
  • on the way – 90 km / h
  • on the highway – 100 km / h

It is forbidden to drive on motorway vehicles at a maximum speed of 40 km / h according to their technical characteristics.

The current maximum speed limits for passenger cars on the roads of European countries.

alcohol

The maximum permissible blood alcohol level is  0.5 ‰  .

If the blood alcohol level exceeds the legal limit, the fine for an initial arrest is TRY 1.002 (€ 98).

In the event of a second detention, the fine increases to TRY 1,256 (€ 123).

Subsequent arrests will result in a fine of TRY 2,018 (€ 197).

The fine for driving under the influence of drugs is TRY 4,514.

In case of refusal to undergo a poisoning test – a fine of TRY 2,869 (€ 281).

If the blood alcohol level exceeds 1.0 ‰, the case will be brought to court.

For drivers who drive with a trailer, the maximum permitted blood alcohol level is 0.0 ‰.

Acceptable blood alcohol levels while driving in Europe.

dimmed headlights

Dipped headlights are only required during the day when visibility is poor (snow, heavy rain, fog) and when driving through tunnels.

If there is no light when driving through tunnels, the fine is TRY 108 (€ 11), and if driving in poor visibility conditions, the fine is TRY 235 (€ 23).

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Transportation of children

Children under 3 years of age may only be transported with child restraint systems. The airbag must be deactivated when it is worn in the front seat.

Children under 150 cm tall and weighing less than 36 kg are not allowed to ride in the front seats. You can only drive in the rear seats of the vehicle with restraint systems that are suitable for your weight.

Children taller than 135 cm can use the seat belts provided they are not in the front seat.

The fine is TRY 108.

Requirements for the transport of children in light vehicles on the roads of European countries.

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   .

The fine is TRY 108.

Make a phone call

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device that is not equipped with a technical device that allows negotiation without the use of hands while the vehicle is in motion.

The fine is TRY 108.

Fines for phone calls while driving in European countries.

Punish

The fine can be paid in cash directly to the traffic policeman who issued the receipt. In this case, the offender receives a 25% discount on the amount of the fine.

If you refuse to pay the fine on site, a receipt will be issued for the payment, which you must pay yourself within 30 days of receipt.

If the fine is not paid within 30 days, a monthly commission of 5% of the amount of the fine will be charged. The maximum amount of the fine in this case cannot be more than double. Table of penalties for traffic violations:

violationPenalties (TRY)
Exceeding the set speed from 10 to 30%235 (23 €)
Exceeding the set speed from 30 to 50%488 (48 €)
Exceeding the set speed by more than 50%1.002 (€ 98)
Failure to comply with the requirements stipulated by traffic signs or markings108 (11 €)
Failure to keep the distance to the vehicle in front108 (11 €)
Driving vehicles with illegible license plates108 (11 €)
Stop at a pedestrian crossing108 (11 €)
Vehicle control in the left lane (if there are two lanes in one direction) with a free right235 (23 €)
Failure to meet the requirements to make way for a vehicle taking advantage of traffic235 (23 €)
Failure to comply with the requirements and instructions of the employees responsible for the organization and control of traffic235 (23 €)
Pass a red light235 (23 €)
Leaving the scene of the accident by the driver in whom he was involved235 (23 €)
Failure to comply with the requirement to make room for pedestrians365 (36 €)
Failure to meet the requirement to stop in front of the stop line744 (73 €)
Driving a vehicle by a driver who is not authorized to drive a vehicle of this category1.002 (€ 98)
Driving the vehicle by a driver who is not authorized to drive documents2,018 (€ 197)
Driving a vehicle without compulsory insurance7,555 (€ 739)

On patrol, traffic police often use two cars that are 300 to 500 meters apart. A radar will be installed in the first to measure speed, and the data will be transmitted by radio to the second car, which in turn will stop the violators and issue them fines.

Useful information

petrol

Unleaded petrol (95 and 97) and diesel are available in Turkey. There is leaded gasoline (95). Gas stations are available in major cities.

Emergency numbers

  • European emergency number – 112
  • Fire Department – 110
  • Ambulance – 112
  • Police – 155
  • Traffic Police – 154
  • Information (phones) – 118

Compulsory equipment

Equipment  You  Must Have in Your Car:

  • Warning triangle  – optional for motorcycles. Must have 2 characters.
  • First aid kit
  • Fire extinguishers  – optional for motorcycles

Requirements for equipment that must be present in the car in various European countries.

Winter equipment

Winter tires

The use of winter tires in Turkey is optional.

However, it is highly recommended that you fit winter tires when traveling in mountainous areas and in the east of the country.

Turkish legislation stipulates that cars must be technically prepared for winter weather conditions (the presence of a continuous layer of snow or ice on the road). In this case, winter tires are required.

The penalty for missing winter tires when weather conditions so require is TRY 319 (€ 31). In the event of a repeated violation, the fine is TRY 638 (€ 62).

spikes

The use of studded tires is  prohibited  .

Anti-slip chains

Snow chains are allowed if their use does not damage the road surface.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Recommended equipment and other rules

Using Radar detector forbidden  . If such a device is found in the car, the fine will be – TRY 2,018-2,658 (€ 197-260). Devices are confiscated by court order.