Driving in the UK

The total length of roads in Great Britain is 398,350 km. Length of the highways – 3,557 km. Length of paved roads – 344,000 km, and unpaved roads – 54,350 km.

They drive on the left in the UK   .

Toll roads

In the UK, some roads are charged a fee based on the category of vehicle and the distance traveled. Some bridges and tunnels are also chargeable.

Currently the only payable motorway in the UK is the M6. It is north of Birmingham.

Map of the M6 ​​motorway in Great Britain

Tolls on the M6 ​​motorway in the UK

The price you pay depends on the classification of the vehicle you drive. Prices change depending on the time of day.

Tolls until 2020:

Tolls on the M6 ​​motorway
CLASSVEHICLEMon – Fri (7 a.m. – 7 p.m.)
Mon – Fri (05: 00-07: 00) (19: 00-23: 00)

Sat – Sun (05: 00-23: 00)
NIGHT (23: 00-05: 00)
1 £ 3.20 (€ 3.70)£ 3.10 (€ 3.60)£ 3.10 (€ 3.60)£ 2.10 (€ 2.40)
2 £ 6.70 (€ 7.70)£ 6.60 (€ 7.60)£ 5.60 (€ 6.40)£ 4.20 (€ 4.80)
3 £ 10.30 (€ 12)£ 10.20 (€ 12)£ 8.90 (€ 10)£ 6.80 (€ 7.80)
4th £ 11.80 (€ 14)£ 11.60 (€ 13)£ 10.10 (€ 12)£ 9.00 (€ 10)
5 £ 12.00 (€ 14)£ 11.90 (€ 14)£ 10.30 (€ 12)£ 9.10 (€ 10)

Vehicle classification in the UK

The toll system automatically classifies vehicles and calculates separate tariffs for each category, depending on the size of the vehicle. Every time you pass a toll lane, our sensors tell us how many axles your vehicle has and how high it is from the point of the first axle. This tells us which class your vehicle falls into.

* The measurement is made from the floor to the top of the vehicle at the point of the first axis:

Map of the M6 ​​motorway  with all entrances and exits (283 Кб).

Payment options

Credit cards

The credit card icon is in the top left corner. The following credit cards are accepted:

  • Visa
  • Eurocard – Mastercard
  • American Express

Electronic system

The auto payment icon (letter T) is in the lower left corner.

Advantages of electronic payments:

  • Discount on every trip
  • Leased lanes
  • Drive without delay

Visited lanes

The manual payment icon is in the lower right corner.

Coins and banknotes are accepted. Exchange possible. A check is issued.

Special fee

In Great Britain, in addition to the M6 ​​motorway, some bridges and tunnels are chargeable.

Tolls for tunnels in the UK

Tolls until 2020:

UK tunnel charges
tunneldareCar with traileradditional information
Dartfor£ 2.50 (€ 2.90)£ 2.50 (€ 2.90)A282 / M25 (free from 10:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.)
Mersey (Kingsway)£ 1.80 (€ 2.10)£ 3.60 (€ 4.10)between Wallasey and Liverpool
Mersey (Queensway)£ 1.80 (€ 2.10)£ 3.60 (€ 4.10)between Birkenhead and Liverpool
Tyne£ 1.80 (€ 2.10)£ 3.60 (€ 4.10)on the A19 between Jarrow and Howdon

The tunnel access for motorcycles is free.

Bridge tolls in the UK

Tolls until 2020:

Bridges tolls in the UK
bridgedareCar with traileradditional information
Cleddau£ 0.75 (€ 0.90)£ 1.50 (€ 1.70)at A477
Humber£ 1.50 (€ 1.70)£ 4.00 (€ 4.60)at A15
Itchen£ 0.80 (€ 0.90)£ 0.80 (€ 0.90)with A3025
Middlesbrough£ 1.50 (€ 1.70)£ 3.00 (€ 3.40)at A178
Queen Elizabeth the second£ 2.50 (€ 2.90)£ 2.50 (€ 2.90)on the A282 / M25 (free from 10:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.)
Dunham£ 0.40 (€ 0.50)£ 0.40 (€ 0.50)at A57
Mersey Gateway£ 2.00 (€ 2.30)£ 2.00 (€ 2.30)at A533
Tamar£ 2.00 (€ 2.30)£ 4.00 (€ 4.60)on A38 (fee only applies if you are moving east)

Bridges are free for motorbikes, with the exception of Cleddau – £ 0.35 (€ 0.40) and Middlesbrough – £ 1.30 (€ 1.50).

The toll system for the Itchen Bridge has been fully automatic since March 1, 2013. Now the fare can only be paid with coins (accepted coins in denominations of £ 2, £ 1, 50 pence, 20 pence, 10 pence) or with a SmartCities card.

From December 17, 2018, travel across both Severn bridges connecting England and Wales was free.

The Tamar Bridge trip is only paid for when driving towards Saltash (Cornwall) to Plymouth (Devon).

There are several bridges on back roads in the UK that also have fares.

Eurotunnel

The Eurotunnel runs under the English Channel. Its length is about 51 km, of which 39 km are below the bottom of the strait. The tunnel connects continental Europe with Great Britain.

UK tunnel location:  Google Maps  ,  Google Earth  .

The toll includes car transport, up to 9 passengers and luggage. There are different types of tickets:

  • Day Trip & Overnight  – Ticket must be purchased as part of a 2-day return. The return must be made by midnight (local time) on the second calendar day. Prices from £ 31 per car, one way.
  • Short stay  – ticket must be purchased as part of a 5-day return. The return must be made by midnight (local time) on the fifth calendar day. Prices from £ 66 per car each way.
  • Single or long-term stay  – standard tickets. Prices from £ 85 per car, one way.

Detailed information on all tariffs can be found on  the official website of the Eurotunnel 

Congestion fee in London

The congestion charge is £ 11.50 (€ 13) per day for driving a vehicle in the loading zone  from Monday to Friday 07:00 to 18:00  .

You only have to pay once, no matter how many times you drive in and out of the congestion fee zone on the same day.

You can pay in advance, on the day of travel or by midnight on the following billing day. The daily charge is £ 11.50 (€ 13) if you pay in advance or on the same day, or £ 14 (€ 16) if you pay on the following recharge day.

If you do not pay by midnight on the day you top-up after driving in the zone, you will receive a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN). The fine is £ 160 (€ 184). It must be paid for for 28 days. If you pay within 14 days of the date of delivery, you will receive a 50% discount. The amount payable is the discounted amount for the date of the violation.

If the penalty is not paid in full within 28 days of the date of service, the penalty you pay will increase by 50% of the full penalty – £ 240 (€ 276). A fee certificate is then sent to the registered vehicle owner.

You do not have to pay the congestion fee or register with us if the vehicle is registered with the DVLA in one of the following categories:

  • Two-wheeled motorcycles (and sidecars) and mopeds
  • Emergency vehicles such as ambulances and fire engines that have the tax class “ambulance” or “fire engine” at the time of the journey
  • NHS vehicles that are exempt from road tax
  • Vehicles used by disabled people that are exempt from road tax and have a disabled person tax bracket
  • Vehicles for more than one disabled person (e.g. Dial-a-Ride) that are exempt from vehicle tax and have a tax class for disabled people

The boundaries of the zone are clearly marked with special characters. No barriers or special taxis are required at the boundaries of the London toll area. The boundaries are controlled by cameras that record all cars passing by, on the basis of which the required fee is paid. The cameras recognize both British and other European numbers.

You can  pay the fee  online  here

Map of the congestion fee zone in London  (613 Кб).

Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) in London

The Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) replaced the T-Charge on April 8, 2019. It operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year (except Christmas Day) in the same area as the Congestion Charge Zone.

Most vehicles, including cars and vans, must meet ULEZ emissions standards. Otherwise, drivers will have to pay a daily rate within the zone.

Minimum emission standards:

  • Motorcycles – EURO 3;
  • Petrol – EURO 4;
  • Diesel – EURO 6.

Gasoline vehicles that meet the ULEZ standards are typically those that were first registered with the DVLA after 2005, although vehicles that meet the standards have been available since 2001. Diesel vehicles that meet the standards are usually those that were first registered with the DVLA after September 2015.

If your car does not meet the ULEZ requirements, you will have to pay £ 12.50 (€ 14) for each entry. The fines are the same as for entering the congestion zone.

A daily charge runs from midnight to midnight. If you drive within the ULEZ area on two days, for example before midnight and after midnight, you will have to pay two daily fees. These are in addition to the applicable congestion charges.

Owners of non-UK registered vehicles will also have to pay the ULEZ fee for driving within the zone if they do not meet emissions standards. Register your vehicle before you start  and you will know how to pay ULEZ or LEZ fees for your vehicle and you believe it will not.

Low emission zone in London

The Low Emission Zone (LEZ) aims to help make the most polluting heavy diesel vehicles driving in London cleaner. The LEZ covers most of the Greater London area and operates 24/7 all year round.

The LEZ requirements only apply to vans, minivans, motorhomes, pickups with a total weight of over 1,205 kg and less than 3,500 kg, and minibuses with a total weight of less than 5,000 kg. If the car is registered after January 1st, 2002, it will meet the requirements of LEZ.

If your vehicle does not meet emissions standards, the daily entry fee to the Low Emission Zone (LEZ) is £ 100 (EUR 115).

Failure to pay the fare before midnight the next day after entering the zone will result in a fine of £ 500 (€ 575). If you pay less than 14 days in advance, the fine will be reduced to £ 250 (EUR 287).

Map of the low emissions zone in London  (1.6 Mб).

Parking in the UK

Before parking, make sure you do this in an authorized location. There are many traffic cops and the fines are very high.

In most of the parking lots at the entrance, a ticket is taken and payment is made on departure. Pay and display parking spaces are also available in Great Britain. You need to buy a ticket for a period of time and put it under the windshield.

The double and single yellow and red lines on the roadside show where motorists can and cannot park:

  • Single Yellow Line  – Parking is restricted at certain times. One stop is allowed to disembark passengers, but the driver must remain in the car.
  • Double yellow lines  – no parking at any time
  • Single Red Line  – Parking restrictions apply at certain times
  • Double red lines  – no parking at any time

You can find detailed information on parking on the Directgov website  

Road map in Great Britain

 Road map in England  (764 Кб).

 Road map in Scotland  (246 Кб).

 Road map in Wales  (134 Кб).

 Road map in Northern Ireland  (269 Кб).

UK Highway Code

Speed ​​limits

Standard UK speed limits (unless otherwise stated on signs).

Cars (up to 3.5 tons) and motorcycles:

  • built-up areas – 48 км / ч
  • outside the built-up areas – 96 км / ч
  • Expressway – 112 км / ч
  • Highway – 112 км / ч

Cars with trailers:

  • built-up areas – 48 км / ч
  • outside the built-up areas – 80 км / ч
  • Expressway – 96 км / ч
  • Highway – 96 км / ч

Motorhome (up to 3.05 tons):

  • built-up areas – 48 км / ч
  • outside the built-up areas – 96 км / ч
  • Expressway – 112 км / ч
  • Highway – 112 км / ч

Motorhome (over 3.05 tons):

  • built-up areas – 48 км / ч
  • outside the built-up areas – 80 км / ч
  • Expressway – 96 км / ч
  • Highway – 112 км / ч

If you don’t see speed limit signs, the maximum speed is 30 mph.

Bei Fahrzeugen mit mehr als 8 Sitzen muss ein Geschwindigkeitsbegrenzer installiert werden, um die Kraftstoffzufuhr zum Motor zu begrenzen und zu verhindern, dass die maximal zulässige Geschwindigkeit überschritten wird.

Die aktuellen Höchstgeschwindigkeitsbeschränkungen auf den Straßen europäischer Länder für Autos.

Alkohol

Der maximal zulässige Alkoholgehalt im Blutkreislauf beträgt 0,8 ‰ .

Der maximal zulässige Alkoholgehalt im Blutkreislauf in Schottland seit dem 5. Dezember 2014 – 0,5 ‰ .

Die Polizei kann einen Fahrer, der verdächtigt wird, einen Verstoß begangen zu haben, bitten, einen Atemtest durchzuführen.

Wenn der Verstoß zum ersten Mal begangen wird, wird eine Geldstrafe von bis zu £ 5.000 (€ 5.747) und / oder eine Freiheitsstrafe von 6 Monaten und der Entzug eines Führerscheins für 1 Jahr verhängt.

Die gleiche Strafe droht im Falle der Weigerung, den Test auf Alkohol zu bestehen.

Bei fahrlässigem Tod, wenn der maximal zulässige Alkoholgehalt überschritten wird, droht eine Freiheitsstrafe von 14 Jahren, eine unbegrenzte Geldstrafe und der Entzug eines Führerscheins für 2 Jahre.

Die Polizei hat das Recht, Tests durchzuführen, um einen Fahrer zu identifizieren, der möglicherweise unter Drogeneinfluss steht.

Ausländische Fahrer müssen eine Geldstrafe in Höhe einer festen Geldstrafe oder 300 GBP (345 EUR) als Kaution für eine mögliche gesetzliche Geldstrafe zahlen. Die Kaution muss vor Ort bezahlt werden.

Die maximal zulässige Alkoholgrenze für Fahrer in europäischen Ländern.

Abgeblendete Scheinwerfer

Autofahrer müssen zwischen Sonnenuntergang und Sonnenaufgang nachts (eine halbe Stunde nach Sonnenuntergang und eine halbe Stunde vor Sonnenaufgang) auf allen Straßen ohne Straßen- oder Straßenbeleuchtung Abblendlicht verwenden.

Autofahrer müssen die Abblendlichter nachts verwenden, auch auf beleuchteten Autobahnen und auf Straßen mit einer Höchstgeschwindigkeit von mehr als 48 km / h.

Die Scheinwerfer von Fahrzeugen mit Linkslenkung müssen mit Klebeband versiegelt werden, um die entgegenkommenden Fahrer nicht zu blenden. Andernfalls besteht die Gefahr, dass Sie von der Polizei angehalten und anschließend mit einer Geldstrafe von bis zu 1.000 GBP (1.149 EUR) belegt werden.

In which European countries is the use of dipped headlights mandatory during the day?

Children in cars

Children between the ages of 3 and 11 and a height of up to 135 cm must use a child seat.

Children under the age of 3 must be transported in a vehicle (including a minibus) in a child restraint device suitable for their weight.

Before installing a child seat in the front seat, the front airbags must be deactivated. In the UK, child seats are only allowed to be used according to EU standards (marked in a circle with a capital “E”).

The driver is responsible for compliance with this law for children under 14 years old with a fine of between £ 30 and £ 500 (EUR 34-575).

Seat belts

The use of seat belts is compulsory for front and rear passengers   .

If the car does not have seat belts (for example this is a classic car) it is not allowed to transport children under 3 years of age. Children over 3 years of age are only allowed to sit in the back seats. These rules only apply if the car was originally released without seat belts.

Good – from £ 30 to 500 (€ 34-575).

Cellphone

It is forbidden to use a telephone communication device while driving that is not equipped with a technical device that can be used to negotiate without hands.

Exceptionally, you can use the phone while driving in the following cases:

  • You must call 999 or 112 in an emergency and stopping the vehicle is unsafe or inappropriate.
  • The car is parked safely.

 It is forbidden to use the phone even when you stop at a traffic light or in traffic.

Fixed fine – £ 200 (€ 230).

A maximum fine of up to £ 1,000 (EUR 1,149) when examining legal proceedings.

Penalties for using mobile phones while driving in European countries.

Window tinting

The degree of tinting of the windshield and the front door window depends on when the vehicle was first registered.

  • If the vehicle was registered after April 1, 1985, the windshield should have at least 75% light transmission and the front door glass should be at least 70%.
  • If the vehicle was registered before April 1, 1985, the light transmission of the windshield and the glass of the front doors will be the same and should be at least 70%.

A light protection film with a width of no more than 15 cm from the upper edge outside of the area covered by the windshield wipers may be applied to the windshield.

There are no restrictions on the tinting of the rear window and tailgate windows.

If the degree of light transmission of the windshield and the glass of the front doors is not acceptable, in the event of a stop, further movement is only allowed after the paint film has been removed.

Fines

Foreign drivers committing traffic violations are required to leave a security deposit of GBP 300 (EUR 345) to cover a possible fine in court. The deposit has to be paid on the spot.

Traffic fines in the UK:

Traffic fines in the UK
violationFine
Careless or inattentive drivingup to £ 5,000 (€ 5,747)
Leaving the scene of the accidentup to £ 5,000 (€ 5,747)
Lack of insuranceup to £ 2,500 (€ 2,874)
Over speedingfrom £ 100 to 1,000 (€ 115-1,149)
Speeding on the highwayup to £ 2,500 (€ 2,874)

The following error occurs when determining the speed in the UK: 10% of the speed limit plus 2 km / h.

Example:
At a permissible speed of 30 km / h, the error is 10% of 30 km / h + 2 km / h.
Total – 5 miles per hour. That is, a speed of over 35 mph is considered an excess.

useful information

Fuel prices

1.42 1,711,450.74 on May 4th, 2021

Unleaded petrol (95 and 97) and diesel are available in the UK. Lead petrol is no longer available.

97 octane gasoline is poorly distributed in the UK, so average prices can fluctuate widely.

Changes compared to the previous period are displayed. Update every two weeks.

Emergency numbers

  • Emergency care (police, fire brigade, ambulance) – 999
  • Operator (free information on consumer services) – 100

Winter equipment

Winter tires

The use of winter tires in the UK is optional.

Winter tires make sense if you are driving into the northern areas of Scotland where winter conditions last longer.

Studded tires

The use of studded tires is permitted, but hardly required due to mild weather conditions. Spike tires must not damage the road surface. From a legal point of view, there are no speed limits for vehicles with studded tires.

Snow chains

Snow chains can only be used with summer tires when the road is completely covered with snow or ice.

Requirements for the use of winter and studded tires in different European countries.

Optional equipment and other rules

Although not required, it is recommended to have a warning triangle, first aid kit, fire extinguisher, and a reflective vest in case of breakage. Motorists should not use the warning triangle on the motorway.

The use of radar detectors  is permitted